Rapid direct deposition of TiH2 paste for porous Ti scaffolds with tailored porous structures and mechanical properties

Min Kyung Ahn, Jung Bin Lee, Young-Hag Koh, Hyoun Ee Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We herein demonstrate the utility of the rapid direct deposition of a titanium hydride (TiH2) paste for the production of porous titanium (Ti) scaffolds with tailored porous structures and mechanical properties. In particular, methylcellulous (MC) polymer was used as the binder, since it can rapidly solidify in acetone through solvent extraction, thus enabling deposited green filaments to have high structural integrity. In addition, TiH2 powder was used as the Ti source because of its smaller particle size than commercial Ti powder and conversion to Ti metal through a two-step dehydrogenation process. The uses of fine TiH2 powder and MC binder allowed for the creation of three-dimensionally interconnected periodic macrochannels with sizes of ∼165 ± 14 × 167 ± 25 μm. The produced Ti scaffold had a porosity of ∼42 ± 7 vol % and a reasonably high compressive strength of 48 ± 15 MPa. In addition, the porosity and mechanical properties of porous Ti scaffolds could be tailored simply by adjusting the initial distances between deposited green TiH2/MC filaments. All of the porous Ti scaffolds produced with various porosities showed good in vitro biocompatibility.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2015 Jan 21

Keywords

  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanical properties
  • Metals
  • Powder metallurgy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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