Rapid fabrication of two- and three-dimensional colloidal crystal films via confined convective assembly

Mun Ho Kim, Sang Hyuk Im, O. Ok Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

172 Citations (Scopus)


We have developed a self-assembly method for fabricating well-ordered two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) colloidal crystal films. With a minute amount of a polystyrene colloidal suspension and without any special equipment, the proposed method can be used to rapidly deposit high-quality colloidal crystal films over a large surface area. By controlling the lift-up rate of the substrate, we modulate the meniscus thinning rate, which determines whether the colloidal particles are assembled into two or three dimensions. The proposed method can be used to fabricate not only monolayered colloidal crystals with colloidal particles of various sizes, but also multilayered colloidal crystals. In addition, the method enables us to fabricate binary colloidal crystals by consecutively depositing large and small particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1329-1335
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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