In this work, a new stress-based method for rapid induction of triacylglycerol (TAG) and total and polyunsaturated fatty acid accumulations in Chlorella sp. by mild electric stimulation is presented. When a cathodic current of 31 mA (voltage: 4 V) was applied to the algal cells for 4 h, the TAG content of the electro-treated cells was sharply increased to a level 2.1 times that of the untreated control. The contents of the polyunsaturated linoleic (C18:2n6) and linolenic (C18:3n3) acids in the electro-treated cells were also 36 and 57% higher than those in the untreated cells, respectively. Cyclic voltammetry and various biochemical analyses indicate that TAG and fatty acid formations are electro-stimulated via de novo fatty acid biosynthesis and metabolic transformation in the Chlorella cells.
- Electric stimulation
- Essential polyunsaturated fatty acids
- Lipid induction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal