Rapid reductive destruction of hazardous organic compounds by nanoscale Fe0

Seunghee Choe, Sang Hyun Lee, Yoon Young Chang, Kyung Yub Hwang, Jeehyeong Khim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

162 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fe0-mediated reductive destruction of hazardous organic compounds such as chlorinated organic compounds (COCs) and nitroaromatic compounds (NACs) in the aqueous phase is one of the latest innovative technologies. In this paper, rapid reductive degradation of COCs and NACs by synthesized nanoscale Fe0 in anaerobic batch systems was presented. The nanoscale Fe0, characterized by high specific surface area and high reactivity, rapidly transformed trichloroethylene (TCE), chloroform (CF), nitrobenzene (NB), nitrotoluene (NT), dinitrobenzene (DNB) and dinitrotoluene (DNT) under ambient conditions, which results in complete disappearance of the parent compounds from the aqueous phase within a few minutes. GC analysis reported that the main products of the dechlorination of TCE and CF were ethane and methane as well as that most of the nitro groups in NACs were reductively transformed to amine groups. These results suggest that the rapid reductive destruction by nanoscale Fe0 is potentially a viable in situ or aboveground treatment of groundwater contaminated with hazardous organic compounds including COCs and NACs. (C) 2000 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-372
Number of pages6
JournalChemosphere
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Feb 1

Fingerprint

Organic compounds
organic compound
Trichloroethylene
Chloroform
trichloroethylene
chloroform
Dinitrobenzenes
Dechlorination
Ethane
Methane
ethane
dechlorination
Specific surface area
Amines
Groundwater
surface area
methane
Degradation
degradation
groundwater

Keywords

  • Chlorinated organic compounds
  • Fe-mediated reductive destruction
  • Nanoscale Fe
  • Nitroaromatic compounds
  • Reductive degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Rapid reductive destruction of hazardous organic compounds by nanoscale Fe0 . / Choe, Seunghee; Lee, Sang Hyun; Chang, Yoon Young; Hwang, Kyung Yub; Khim, Jeehyeong.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 42, No. 4, 01.02.2001, p. 367-372.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Choe, Seunghee ; Lee, Sang Hyun ; Chang, Yoon Young ; Hwang, Kyung Yub ; Khim, Jeehyeong. / Rapid reductive destruction of hazardous organic compounds by nanoscale Fe0 In: Chemosphere. 2001 ; Vol. 42, No. 4. pp. 367-372.
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