Rapid self-sustaining consolidation of titanium silicide (Ti5Si3) via transient liquid phase reaction induced by an electric discharge

W. H. Lee, Y. W. Cheon, Y. H. Yoon, C. H. Jeong, C. J. Van Tyne, Haigun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The fabrication of Ti5Si3 in the form of a solid product directly from an elemental 37.5 at.% Si and 62.5 at.% Ti powder mixture was carried out by two different powder metallurgy routes. The first was by uniaxial pressing of the reactant powder mixture with sequent vacuum-sintering, and the second was by electric discharge sintering (EDS) of reactant powder mixture. The pressing process combined with vacuum-sintering produced a porous compact with multi phases of titanium silicide such as Ti5Si3, Ti5Si4, TiSi2, and TiSi, including elemental Ti, which indicated an incomplete phase transformation into Ti5Si3. On the other hand, the EDS induced the phase transformation mostly into Ti5Si3 with a small amount of Ti5Si4 in <180 μsec, which had a sequent consolidation into a solid compact with an average crystallite size of 30.4 nm and a lattice parameter of a = 7.42 Å and c = 4.91 Å. The significantly higher hardness value of the EDS compacts can be the result of the high density and the fine microstructure stemming from the homogeneous dissolution of the elements and the constrained grain growth. The formation of Ti5Si3 solid compact from the stoichiometric Ti and Si powder mixture by EDS can be dominated by the solid to liquid phase transformation mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-180
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials
Volume80
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 1

Fingerprint

Electric discharges
Consolidation
Sintering
Titanium
Powders
Liquids
Phase transitions
Vacuum
Powder metallurgy
Crystallite size
Grain growth
Lattice constants
titanium silicide
Dissolution
Hardness
Fabrication
Microstructure

Keywords

  • Electric discharge
  • Hardness
  • Phase transformation
  • Refractory metals
  • Sintering
  • Titanium silicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Rapid self-sustaining consolidation of titanium silicide (Ti5Si3) via transient liquid phase reaction induced by an electric discharge. / Lee, W. H.; Cheon, Y. W.; Yoon, Y. H.; Jeong, C. H.; Van Tyne, C. J.; Lee, Haigun.

In: International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, Vol. 80, 01.04.2019, p. 174-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The fabrication of Ti5Si3 in the form of a solid product directly from an elemental 37.5 at.{\%} Si and 62.5 at.{\%} Ti powder mixture was carried out by two different powder metallurgy routes. The first was by uniaxial pressing of the reactant powder mixture with sequent vacuum-sintering, and the second was by electric discharge sintering (EDS) of reactant powder mixture. The pressing process combined with vacuum-sintering produced a porous compact with multi phases of titanium silicide such as Ti5Si3, Ti5Si4, TiSi2, and TiSi, including elemental Ti, which indicated an incomplete phase transformation into Ti5Si3. On the other hand, the EDS induced the phase transformation mostly into Ti5Si3 with a small amount of Ti5Si4 in <180 μsec, which had a sequent consolidation into a solid compact with an average crystallite size of 30.4 nm and a lattice parameter of a = 7.42 {\AA} and c = 4.91 {\AA}. The significantly higher hardness value of the EDS compacts can be the result of the high density and the fine microstructure stemming from the homogeneous dissolution of the elements and the constrained grain growth. The formation of Ti5Si3 solid compact from the stoichiometric Ti and Si powder mixture by EDS can be dominated by the solid to liquid phase transformation mechanism.",
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