Rapid thermal annealing effect on surface of LiNi1-xCoxO2 cathode film for thin-film microbattery

Han Ki Kim, Tae Yeon Seong, Won Il Cho, Young Soo Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of rapid thermal annealing (RTA) on the surface of a LiNi1-xCoxO2 cathode film is examined by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and auger electron spectroscopy (AES). It is found that the as-deposited LiNi1-xCoxO2 film undergoes a surface reaction with oxygen in the air, due to the high activity of lithium in the film. AES spectra indicate that the surface layer consists of lithium and oxygen atoms. The RTA process at 500 °C eliminates the surface layer to some extent. An increase in annealing temperature to 700 °C results in complete elimination of the surface layer. The surface evolution of the LiNi1-xCoxO2 film with increasing annealing time at 700 °C is examined by means of AFM examination. It is found that the surface layer, which is initially present in the form of an amorphous like-film, becomes agglomerated and then vaporizes after 5 min of annealing. A thin-film microbattery (TFB), fabricated by using the LiNi1-xCoxO2 film without a surface layer, exhibits more stable cycliability and a higher specific discharge capacity of 60.2 μAh cm-2 μm than a TFB with an unannealed LiNi1-xCoxO2 film. Therefore, it is important to completely eliminate the surface layer in order to achieve high performance from all solid-state thin-film microbatteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-183
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jun 15
Externally publishedYes


  • Auger electron spectroscopy (AES)
  • Cyclibility
  • LiNiCoO
  • Rapid thermal annealing (RTA)
  • Surface layer
  • Thin-film microbattery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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