Rational Design of Branched WO3 Nanorods Decorated with BiVO4 Nanoparticles by All-Solution Processing for Efficient Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting

Jae Hyeok Kim, Do Hong Kim, Ji Won Yoon, Zhengfei Dai, Jong Heun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The formation of heterostructure between BiVO4 and WO3 is a promising strategy to design a high-performance photoanode. In this study, we prepared the highly crystalline branched WO3 nanorods decorated with BiVO4 nanoparticles by all-solution processes and achieved high photoelectrochemical (PEC) performances through the morphological design of WO3 bottom layer and BiVO4 decorations. WO3 nanorods with epitaxially grown nanobranches could be prepared via two-step hydrothermal method, and the BiVO4/WO3 heterostructure was formed by sequent electrodeposition of BiVO4 nanoparticles on branched WO3 nanorods. In comparison to bare WO3 nanorods counterpart, the macelike branched WO3 nanorods can present the enlarged surface area and improved light trapping properties from the morphological control of WO3 hierarchical nanostructures, endowing a 32.8% higher photocurrent around 0.85 mA/cm2 at 1.23 V vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE). While decorated with BiVO4 nanoparticles, the as-fabricated BiVO4/macelike WO3 nanorod heterostructure performs a much improved photocurrent of 3.87 mA/cm2 at 1.23 V vs RHE. Such a significant enhancement may result from the significantly enhanced light-harvesting and charge separation efficiency. This rational design of heterostructured photoanodes provides a facile, cost-effective, and scalable strategy to improve PEC performances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4535-4543
Number of pages9
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Volume2
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 24

Fingerprint

Nanorods
Nanoparticles
Water
Processing
Heterojunctions
Photocurrents
Hydrogen
Electrodes
Electrodeposition
bismuth vanadium tetraoxide
Nanostructures
Crystalline materials
Costs

Keywords

  • all-solution process
  • BiVO
  • branched WO nanorod
  • photoelectrochemical water splitting
  • type II heterojunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Rational Design of Branched WO3 Nanorods Decorated with BiVO4 Nanoparticles by All-Solution Processing for Efficient Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting. / Kim, Jae Hyeok; Kim, Do Hong; Yoon, Ji Won; Dai, Zhengfei; Lee, Jong Heun.

In: ACS Applied Energy Materials, Vol. 2, No. 6, 24.06.2019, p. 4535-4543.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9e68b9b1b8ae4061b1d5072b92b59e3d,
title = "Rational Design of Branched WO3 Nanorods Decorated with BiVO4 Nanoparticles by All-Solution Processing for Efficient Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting",
abstract = "The formation of heterostructure between BiVO4 and WO3 is a promising strategy to design a high-performance photoanode. In this study, we prepared the highly crystalline branched WO3 nanorods decorated with BiVO4 nanoparticles by all-solution processes and achieved high photoelectrochemical (PEC) performances through the morphological design of WO3 bottom layer and BiVO4 decorations. WO3 nanorods with epitaxially grown nanobranches could be prepared via two-step hydrothermal method, and the BiVO4/WO3 heterostructure was formed by sequent electrodeposition of BiVO4 nanoparticles on branched WO3 nanorods. In comparison to bare WO3 nanorods counterpart, the macelike branched WO3 nanorods can present the enlarged surface area and improved light trapping properties from the morphological control of WO3 hierarchical nanostructures, endowing a 32.8{\%} higher photocurrent around 0.85 mA/cm2 at 1.23 V vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE). While decorated with BiVO4 nanoparticles, the as-fabricated BiVO4/macelike WO3 nanorod heterostructure performs a much improved photocurrent of 3.87 mA/cm2 at 1.23 V vs RHE. Such a significant enhancement may result from the significantly enhanced light-harvesting and charge separation efficiency. This rational design of heterostructured photoanodes provides a facile, cost-effective, and scalable strategy to improve PEC performances.",
keywords = "all-solution process, BiVO, branched WO nanorod, photoelectrochemical water splitting, type II heterojunction",
author = "Kim, {Jae Hyeok} and Kim, {Do Hong} and Yoon, {Ji Won} and Zhengfei Dai and Lee, {Jong Heun}",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "24",
doi = "10.1021/acsaem.9b00776",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "4535--4543",
journal = "ACS Applied Energy Materials",
issn = "2574-0962",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rational Design of Branched WO3 Nanorods Decorated with BiVO4 Nanoparticles by All-Solution Processing for Efficient Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting

AU - Kim, Jae Hyeok

AU - Kim, Do Hong

AU - Yoon, Ji Won

AU - Dai, Zhengfei

AU - Lee, Jong Heun

PY - 2019/6/24

Y1 - 2019/6/24

N2 - The formation of heterostructure between BiVO4 and WO3 is a promising strategy to design a high-performance photoanode. In this study, we prepared the highly crystalline branched WO3 nanorods decorated with BiVO4 nanoparticles by all-solution processes and achieved high photoelectrochemical (PEC) performances through the morphological design of WO3 bottom layer and BiVO4 decorations. WO3 nanorods with epitaxially grown nanobranches could be prepared via two-step hydrothermal method, and the BiVO4/WO3 heterostructure was formed by sequent electrodeposition of BiVO4 nanoparticles on branched WO3 nanorods. In comparison to bare WO3 nanorods counterpart, the macelike branched WO3 nanorods can present the enlarged surface area and improved light trapping properties from the morphological control of WO3 hierarchical nanostructures, endowing a 32.8% higher photocurrent around 0.85 mA/cm2 at 1.23 V vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE). While decorated with BiVO4 nanoparticles, the as-fabricated BiVO4/macelike WO3 nanorod heterostructure performs a much improved photocurrent of 3.87 mA/cm2 at 1.23 V vs RHE. Such a significant enhancement may result from the significantly enhanced light-harvesting and charge separation efficiency. This rational design of heterostructured photoanodes provides a facile, cost-effective, and scalable strategy to improve PEC performances.

AB - The formation of heterostructure between BiVO4 and WO3 is a promising strategy to design a high-performance photoanode. In this study, we prepared the highly crystalline branched WO3 nanorods decorated with BiVO4 nanoparticles by all-solution processes and achieved high photoelectrochemical (PEC) performances through the morphological design of WO3 bottom layer and BiVO4 decorations. WO3 nanorods with epitaxially grown nanobranches could be prepared via two-step hydrothermal method, and the BiVO4/WO3 heterostructure was formed by sequent electrodeposition of BiVO4 nanoparticles on branched WO3 nanorods. In comparison to bare WO3 nanorods counterpart, the macelike branched WO3 nanorods can present the enlarged surface area and improved light trapping properties from the morphological control of WO3 hierarchical nanostructures, endowing a 32.8% higher photocurrent around 0.85 mA/cm2 at 1.23 V vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE). While decorated with BiVO4 nanoparticles, the as-fabricated BiVO4/macelike WO3 nanorod heterostructure performs a much improved photocurrent of 3.87 mA/cm2 at 1.23 V vs RHE. Such a significant enhancement may result from the significantly enhanced light-harvesting and charge separation efficiency. This rational design of heterostructured photoanodes provides a facile, cost-effective, and scalable strategy to improve PEC performances.

KW - all-solution process

KW - BiVO

KW - branched WO nanorod

KW - photoelectrochemical water splitting

KW - type II heterojunction

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068059411&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85068059411&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/acsaem.9b00776

DO - 10.1021/acsaem.9b00776

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 4535

EP - 4543

JO - ACS Applied Energy Materials

JF - ACS Applied Energy Materials

SN - 2574-0962

IS - 6

ER -