Reactions of aryl phenylacetates with secondary amines in MeCN. Structure-reactivity relationship in the ketene-forming eliminations and concurrent E2 and E1cb mechanisms

Bong Rae Cho, Yong Kwan Kim, Choon Ock Maing Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Elimination reactions of aryl esters of arylacetic acids 1 and 2 promoted by R2NH in MeCN have been investigated kinetically. The reactions are second-order and exhibit β = 0.44-0.84, β(lg) = 0.41-0.50, and ρ(H) = 2.0-3.6. Bronsted β and β(lg) decrease with the electron-withdrawing ability of the β-aryl substituent. Hammett ρ(H) values remain nearly the same, but the β(lg) value increases as the base strength becomes weaker. Both ρ(H) and β decrease with the change of the leaving group from 4-nitrophenoxide to 2,4-dinitrophenoxide. The results are consistent with an E2 mechanism and a reaction coordinate with a large horizontal component corresponding to proton transfer. When the base-solvent system is changed from R2NH-MeCN to R2NH/R2NH2+-70 mol% MeCN(aq), the Bronsted β, ρ(H), and β(lg) decrease. Finally, the ketene-forming elimination reactions from p-nitrophenyl p-nitrophenylacetate promoted by R2NH/R2NH2+ buffers in 70 mol% MeCN(aq) have been shown to proceed by concurrent E2 and E1cb mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)691-697
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume119
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 29

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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