Elimination reactions of aryl esters of arylacetic acids 1 and 2 promoted by R2NH in MeCN have been investigated kinetically. The reactions are second-order and exhibit β = 0.44-0.84, β(lg) = 0.41-0.50, and ρ(H) = 2.0-3.6. Bronsted β and β(lg) decrease with the electron-withdrawing ability of the β-aryl substituent. Hammett ρ(H) values remain nearly the same, but the β(lg) value increases as the base strength becomes weaker. Both ρ(H) and β decrease with the change of the leaving group from 4-nitrophenoxide to 2,4-dinitrophenoxide. The results are consistent with an E2 mechanism and a reaction coordinate with a large horizontal component corresponding to proton transfer. When the base-solvent system is changed from R2NH-MeCN to R2NH/R2NH2+-70 mol% MeCN(aq), the Bronsted β, ρ(H), and β(lg) decrease. Finally, the ketene-forming elimination reactions from p-nitrophenyl p-nitrophenylacetate promoted by R2NH/R2NH2+ buffers in 70 mol% MeCN(aq) have been shown to proceed by concurrent E2 and E1cb mechanisms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry