Real-Time Quality Assessment of Pediatric MRI via Semi-Supervised Deep Nonlocal Residual Neural Networks

Siyuan Liu, Kim Han Thung, Weili Lin, Pew Thian Yap, DInggang Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we introduce an image quality assessment (IQA) method for pediatric T1- and T2-weighted MR images. IQA is first performed slice-wise using a nonlocal residual neural network (NR-Net) and then volume-wise by agglomerating the slice QA results using random forest. Our method requires only a small amount of quality-annotated images for training and is designed to be robust to annotation noise that might occur due to rater errors and the inevitable mix of good and bad slices in an image volume. Using a small set of quality-assessed images, we pre-train NR-Net to annotate each image slice with an initial quality rating (i.e., pass, questionable, fail), which we then refine by semi-supervised learning and iterative self-training. Experimental results demonstrate that our method, trained using only samples of modest size, exhibit great generalizability, capable of real-time (milliseconds per volume) large-scale IQA with near-perfect accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9090293
Pages (from-to)7697-7706
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Image quality assessment
  • nonlocal residual networks
  • self-training
  • semi-supervised learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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