Reassessment of the Pyeongan Supergroup: Metamorphism and deformation of the Songrim orogeny

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Abstract

Pyeongan Supergroup (PS) in the Taebaeksan basin preserves key geological evidences to understand the tectonometamorphic evolution of the Songrim orogeny that affected the formation of the Korean Peninsula during the late Paleozoic to early Mesozoic. The aims of this paper therefore are to investigate the characteristics of the Songrim orogeny based on the previous results of metamorphism and deformations of the PS, and then to review geological significance and research necessity of the PS. Age distributions and Th/U ratio of detrital zircon in the PS indicate that sedimentary environment of the Taebaeksan basin during the late Paleozoic was arc-related foreland basin and retro-arc foreland basin at the active continental margin. In addition, the main magmatic activities occurred in the early Pennsylvanian and Middle Permian, thus sedimentation and magmatic activities occurred simultaneously. The PS was affected by lower temperature–medium pressure (M1) and medium temperature and pressure (M2) regional metamorphism during the Songrim orogeny. During M1, slate and phyllite containing chloritoid, andalusite, kyanite porphyroblasts intensively deformed by E–W bulk crustal shortening combined with folding and shearing. And garnet and staurolite porphyroblasts were formed during the N–S bulk crustal shortening accompained by M2. Such regional metamorphism of the PS is interpreted to occur in an area where high strain zone is localized during ca. 220–270 Ma. In order to elucidate the evolution of the Taebaeksan basin and tectonic features of the Songrim orogeny, it is expected that the study will be carried out such as the regional distribution of metamorphic zones developed in the PS, characteristics and timing of deformations, and late Paleozoic paleogeography of the Taebaeksan basin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-379
Number of pages13
JournalEconomic and Environmental Geology
Volume52
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct

Keywords

  • Detrital zircon
  • Metamorphism-deformation
  • Pyeongan Supergroup
  • Songrim orogeny
  • Taebaeksan basin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geology
  • Economic Geology

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