A promising electrode for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) has been prepared via a reduction process to form NiF2 nanorod arrays directly grown on a 3D nickel foam. We reveal NiF2@Ni nanorod arrays for a stable hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) application. The computational analysis for H2O, OH and H and experimentally in aqueous KOH endow considerable shift in Fermi levels for Ni (111) unlike for NiF2 (110) on account of an effective coalition of p-orbitals of fluorine and d-orbitals of Ni in NiF2, NiF2 under pinning the reduced overpotential of 172 mV at 10 mA cm-2 compared to Ni (242 mV) in same electrolyte. The electrocatalytic mechanism has been proposed using density functional theory (DFT) and is found in well accordance with the experimental findings of the present study. The preparation of self-grown porous nanostructured electrodes on the 3D nickel foam via a displacement reaction is possibly valuable for other metal halides for energy storage and conversion applications as these materials have inherently smaller overpotentials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Inorganic Chemistry