Recently, microalgal biomass has become an attractive and sustainable feedstock for renewable production of various biochemicals and biofuels. However, attaining required productivity remains a key challenge to develop industrial applications. Fortunately, mixotrophic cultivation strategy (MCS) is leading to higher productivity due to the metabolic ability of some microalgal strain to utilise both photosynthesis and organic carbon compared to phototrophic or heterotrophic processes. The potential of MCS is being explored by researchers for maximized biochemicals and biofuels production however it requires further development yet to reach commercialization stage. In this review, recent developments in the MCS bioprocess for selective value-added (carotenoids) products have been reviewed; synergistic mechanism of carbon and energy was conferred. Moreover, the metabolic regulation of microalgae under MCS for utilized carbon forms and carbon recycling was demonstrated; Additionally, the opportunities and challenges of large-scale MCS have been discussed.
- Organic carbon
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal