Recent advances in controlled modification of the size and morphology of metal-organic frameworks

Botao Liu, Kowsalya Vellingiri, Sang Hee Jo, Pawan Kumar, Yong Sik Ok, Ki Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


Advances in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) resulted in significant contributions to diverse applications such as carbon capture, gas storage, heat transformation and separation along with emerging applications toward catalysis, medical imaging, drug delivery, and sensing. The unique in situ and ex situ structural features of MOFs can be tailored by conceptual selection of the organic (e.g., ligand) and inorganic (e.g., metal) components. Here, we provide a comprehensive review on the synthesis and characterization of MOFs, particularly with respect to controlling their size and morphology. A better understanding of the specific size and morphological parameters of MOFs will help initiate a new era for their real-world applications. Most importantly, this assessment will help develop novel synthesis methods for MOFs and their hybrid/porous materials counterparts with considerably improved properties in targeted applications. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4441-4467
Number of pages27
JournalNano Research
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sep 1


  • advanced materials
  • composite materials
  • green chemistry
  • metal-organic frameworks
  • novel synthesis
  • smart materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Recent advances in controlled modification of the size and morphology of metal-organic frameworks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this