Recent Advances in Nonfullerene Acceptor-Based Layer-by-Layer Organic Solar Cells Using a Solution Process

Min Hun Jee, Hwa Sook Ryu, Dongmin Lee, Wonho Lee, Han Young Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, sequential layer-by-layer (LbL) organic solar cells (OSCs) have attracted significant attention owing to their favorable p–i–n vertical phase separation, efficient charge transport/extraction, and potential for lab-to-fab large-scale production, achieving high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of over 18%. This review first summarizes recent studies on various approaches to obtain ideal vertical D/A phase separation in nonfullerene acceptor (NFAs)-based LbL OSCs by proper solvent selection, processing additives, protecting solvent treatment, ternary blends, etc. Additionally, the longer exciton diffusion length of NFAs compared with fullerene derivatives, which provides a new scope for further improvement in the performance of LbL OSCs, is been discussed. Large-area device/module production by LbL techniques and device stability issues, including thermal and mechanical stability, are also reviewed. Finally, the current challenges and prospects for further progress toward their eventual commercialization are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2201876
JournalAdvanced Science
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Sept 5


  • layer-by-layer
  • nonfullerene acceptors
  • organic photovoltaics
  • pseudo-planar heterojunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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