Recessed-Channel WSe2Field-Effect Transistor via Self-Terminated Doping and Layer-by-Layer Etching

Dongryul Lee, Yongha Choi, Junghun Kim, Jihyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Effective channel control with low contact resistance can be accomplished through selective ion implantation in Si and III-V semiconductor technologies; however, this approach cannot be adopted for ultrathin van der Waals materials. Herein, we demonstrate a self-aligned fabrication process based on self-terminated p-doping and layer-by-layer chemical etching to achieve low contact resistance as well as a high on/off current ratio in ultrathin tungsten diselenide (WSe2) field-effect transistors (FETs). Damage-free layer-by-layer thinning of the WSe2 channel is repeated up to a thickness of approximately 1.4 nm, while maintaining the selectively p-doped source/drain regions. The device characteristics of the recessed-channel WSe2 FET are systematically monitored during this layer-by-layer recess-channel process. The WSe2 etching rate is estimated to be 2-3 layers per cycle of oxidation and subsequent chemical etching. The self-terminated tungsten oxide (WOX) layer grown through ultraviolet-ozone treatment induces robust p-doping in the neighboring (or underlying) WSe2 through the electron withdrawal mechanism, which remains in the source/drain regions after channel oxide removal. The adopted self-terminated and self-aligned recess-channel process for ultrathin WSe2 FETs enables the realization of a high on/off output current ratio (>108) and field-effect mobility (190 cm2/V·s), while maintaining low contact resistance (0.9-6.1 kω·μm) without a postannealing process. The proposed facile and reproducible doping and atomic-layer-etching method for the fabrication of a recessed-channel FET with an ultrathin body can be helpful for high-performance two-dimensional semiconductor devices and is applicable to post-Si complementary metal-oxide semiconductor devices.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS nano
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • chemical etch
  • contact resistance
  • field-effect transistors
  • recess-channel
  • tungsten diselenide
  • van der Waals materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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