Reduced utilization of selenium by naked mole rats due to a specific defect in GPx1 expression

Marina V. Kasaikina, Alexei V. Lobanov, Mikalai Y. Malinouski, Byung Cheon Lee, Javier Seravalli, Dmitri E. Fomenko, Anton A. Turanov, Lydia Finney, Stefan Vogt, Thomas J. Park, Richard A. Miller, Dolph L. Hatfield, Vadim N. Gladyshev

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Abstract

Naked mole rat (MR) Heterocephalus glaber is a rodent model of delayed aging because of its unusually long life span (>28 years). It is also not known to develop cancer. In the current work, tissue imaging by x-ray fluorescence microscopy and direct analyses of trace elements revealed low levels of selenium in the MR liver and kidney, whereas MR and mouse brains had similar selenium levels. This effect was not explained by uniform selenium deficiency because methionine sulfoxide reductase activities were similar in mice and MR. However, glutathione peroxidase activity was an order of magnitude lower inMRliver and kidney than in mouse tissues. In addition, metabolic labeling of MR cells with 75Se revealed a loss of the abundant glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPx1) band, whereas other selenoproteins were preserved. To characterize theMRselenoproteome, we sequenced its liver transcriptome. Gene reconstruction revealed standard selenoprotein sequences except for GPx1, which had an early stop codon, and SelP, which had low selenocysteine content. When expressedinHEK293cells,MRGPx1waspresentinlowlevels, and its expression could be rescued neither by removing the early stop codon nor by replacing its SECIS element. In addition, GPx1 mRNAwas present in lower levels inMRliver than in mouse liver. To determine if GPx1 deficiency could account for the reduced selenium content, we analyzed GPx1 knock-out mice and found reduced selenium levels in their livers and kidneys. Thus, MR is characterized by the reduced utilization of selenium due to a specific defect in GPx1 expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17005-17014
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume286
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May 13

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Kasaikina, M. V., Lobanov, A. V., Malinouski, M. Y., Lee, B. C., Seravalli, J., Fomenko, D. E., Turanov, A. A., Finney, L., Vogt, S., Park, T. J., Miller, R. A., Hatfield, D. L., & Gladyshev, V. N. (2011). Reduced utilization of selenium by naked mole rats due to a specific defect in GPx1 expression. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286(19), 17005-17014. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M110.216267