Reducing forward voltage and enhancing output performance of InGaN-based blue light-emitting diodes using metal dot-embedded transparent p-type finger

Jeeyun Lee, Dae Hyun Kim, Ki Seok Kim, Tae Yeon Seong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the effect of transparent ITO/Ag/ITO multilayer p-type finger on the light output performance of blue GaN-based light emitting diodes (LEDs). The electrical and optical properties of IAI multilayers were characterised as a function of ITO layer thickness. The IAI (30nm/18nm/30nm) multilayers had a transmittance of 94.6% at 450nm, a sheet resistance of 4.49Ω/sq and a Haacke's FOM of 128.15×10-3Ω-1. LEDs fabricated with reference (Cr/Ni/Au) contact had a forward-bias voltage of 3.72 at an injection current of 50mA and a series resistance of 19.8Ω. On the one hand, LEDs with ITO/Ag/ITO (30nm/18nm/30nm), 2.5-μm metal-dots embedded ITO/Ag/ITO and 8-μm metal-dots embedded ITO/Ag/ITO p-fingers, respectively, had forward voltages of 3.74, 3.69, 3.56V at 50mA and series resistances of 18.4, 19.7 and 16.1Ω. LED with the 8-μm metal-dots embedded ITO/Ag/ITO p-finger yielded 3.37% higher light output at 100mA than the reference LED. The higher light output is attributed to the combined effect of the better current injection and current spreading due to the metal-dot embedded transparent p-type finger.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

ITO (semiconductors)
Light emitting diodes
light emitting diodes
Metals
output
Electric potential
electric potential
Multilayers
metals
Sheet resistance
Bias voltage
Electric properties
Optical properties
injection
transmittance
electrical properties
optical properties

Keywords

  • Current spreading
  • Electrodes
  • Gold
  • Indium tin oxide
  • Light-emitting diodes
  • Transparent conductors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

@article{95a63955899c436a92652c814101129c,
title = "Reducing forward voltage and enhancing output performance of InGaN-based blue light-emitting diodes using metal dot-embedded transparent p-type finger",
abstract = "We investigated the effect of transparent ITO/Ag/ITO multilayer p-type finger on the light output performance of blue GaN-based light emitting diodes (LEDs). The electrical and optical properties of IAI multilayers were characterised as a function of ITO layer thickness. The IAI (30nm/18nm/30nm) multilayers had a transmittance of 94.6{\%} at 450nm, a sheet resistance of 4.49Ω/sq and a Haacke's FOM of 128.15×10-3Ω-1. LEDs fabricated with reference (Cr/Ni/Au) contact had a forward-bias voltage of 3.72 at an injection current of 50mA and a series resistance of 19.8Ω. On the one hand, LEDs with ITO/Ag/ITO (30nm/18nm/30nm), 2.5-μm metal-dots embedded ITO/Ag/ITO and 8-μm metal-dots embedded ITO/Ag/ITO p-fingers, respectively, had forward voltages of 3.74, 3.69, 3.56V at 50mA and series resistances of 18.4, 19.7 and 16.1Ω. LED with the 8-μm metal-dots embedded ITO/Ag/ITO p-finger yielded 3.37{\%} higher light output at 100mA than the reference LED. The higher light output is attributed to the combined effect of the better current injection and current spreading due to the metal-dot embedded transparent p-type finger.",
keywords = "Current spreading, Electrodes, Gold, Indium tin oxide, Light-emitting diodes, Transparent conductors",
author = "Jeeyun Lee and Kim, {Dae Hyun} and Kim, {Ki Seok} and Seong, {Tae Yeon}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1002/pssa.201600792",
language = "English",
journal = "Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science",
issn = "1862-6300",
publisher = "Wiley-VCH Verlag",

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T1 - Reducing forward voltage and enhancing output performance of InGaN-based blue light-emitting diodes using metal dot-embedded transparent p-type finger

AU - Lee, Jeeyun

AU - Kim, Dae Hyun

AU - Kim, Ki Seok

AU - Seong, Tae Yeon

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - We investigated the effect of transparent ITO/Ag/ITO multilayer p-type finger on the light output performance of blue GaN-based light emitting diodes (LEDs). The electrical and optical properties of IAI multilayers were characterised as a function of ITO layer thickness. The IAI (30nm/18nm/30nm) multilayers had a transmittance of 94.6% at 450nm, a sheet resistance of 4.49Ω/sq and a Haacke's FOM of 128.15×10-3Ω-1. LEDs fabricated with reference (Cr/Ni/Au) contact had a forward-bias voltage of 3.72 at an injection current of 50mA and a series resistance of 19.8Ω. On the one hand, LEDs with ITO/Ag/ITO (30nm/18nm/30nm), 2.5-μm metal-dots embedded ITO/Ag/ITO and 8-μm metal-dots embedded ITO/Ag/ITO p-fingers, respectively, had forward voltages of 3.74, 3.69, 3.56V at 50mA and series resistances of 18.4, 19.7 and 16.1Ω. LED with the 8-μm metal-dots embedded ITO/Ag/ITO p-finger yielded 3.37% higher light output at 100mA than the reference LED. The higher light output is attributed to the combined effect of the better current injection and current spreading due to the metal-dot embedded transparent p-type finger.

AB - We investigated the effect of transparent ITO/Ag/ITO multilayer p-type finger on the light output performance of blue GaN-based light emitting diodes (LEDs). The electrical and optical properties of IAI multilayers were characterised as a function of ITO layer thickness. The IAI (30nm/18nm/30nm) multilayers had a transmittance of 94.6% at 450nm, a sheet resistance of 4.49Ω/sq and a Haacke's FOM of 128.15×10-3Ω-1. LEDs fabricated with reference (Cr/Ni/Au) contact had a forward-bias voltage of 3.72 at an injection current of 50mA and a series resistance of 19.8Ω. On the one hand, LEDs with ITO/Ag/ITO (30nm/18nm/30nm), 2.5-μm metal-dots embedded ITO/Ag/ITO and 8-μm metal-dots embedded ITO/Ag/ITO p-fingers, respectively, had forward voltages of 3.74, 3.69, 3.56V at 50mA and series resistances of 18.4, 19.7 and 16.1Ω. LED with the 8-μm metal-dots embedded ITO/Ag/ITO p-finger yielded 3.37% higher light output at 100mA than the reference LED. The higher light output is attributed to the combined effect of the better current injection and current spreading due to the metal-dot embedded transparent p-type finger.

KW - Current spreading

KW - Electrodes

KW - Gold

KW - Indium tin oxide

KW - Light-emitting diodes

KW - Transparent conductors

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DO - 10.1002/pssa.201600792

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JO - Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science

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