When a pulse superposed on a cw background propagates through an erbium-doped fiber amplifier with a negative group velocity, either pulse broadening or pulse compression can be observed. These effects can be explained in terms of two competing mechanisms: gain recovery and pulse spectrum broadening. The distortion of the pulse shape caused by these effects depends on input pulse width, pump power, and background-to-pulse power ratio. With the proper choice of these three parameters, we can obtain significant pulse advancement with minimal pulse distortion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics