Reference values for cardiorespiratory fitness in healthy Koreans

Won Young Jang, Woohyeun Kim, Dong Oh Kang, Yoonjee Park, Jieun Lee, Jah Yeon Choi, Seung Young Roh, Jin Oh Na, Cheol Ung Choi, Seung Woon Rha, Chang Gyu Park, Hong Seog Seo, Soo Hyun Park, Saejong Park, Eung Ju Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated reference values for cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) for healthy Koreans and Koreans with coronary heart disease (CHD) and used them to identify inter-ethnic differences in CRF, differences over time in CRF, and differences in CRF between the healthy population and patients with CHD. The study population for healthy Koreans was derived from the database of KISS FitS (Korea Institute of Sports Science Fitness Standards) between 2014 and 2015. The study population for Koreans with CHD was derived from the database of the Korea University Guro Hospital Cardiac Rehabilitation Registry between June 2015 and December 2018. In healthy Koreans, there was a significant difference between sex and age groups for VO2 max. The VO2 max of healthy Koreans differed from that of Westerners in age-related reference values. Our results were not significantly different from those of the Korean population in the past, except for a small decline in the young population. There seemed to be a clear inter-ethnic difference in CRF. We could also identify signs of small change in CRF in younger age groups. Therefore, CRF should be assessed according to ethnic or national standards, and it will be necessary to establish a reference for each nation or ethnicity with periodic updates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2191
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec


  • Cardiorespiratory fitness
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Ethnic groups
  • Global health
  • Healthy volunteers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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