Regional glucose metabolism due to the presence of cerebral amyloidopathy in older adults with depression and mild cognitive impairment

Hyun Chul Youn, Eun Seong Lee, Suji Lee, Sang-Il Suh, Hyun-Ghang Jeong, Jae Seon Eo

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Depression is a risk factor for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and for the conversion from MCI to Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study investigated regional cerebral glucose metabolism (rCMglc) in older adults with depression and MCI, either with or without amyloidopathy. Methods: We recruited 31 older adults diagnosed with depression and MCI, and 21 older adults with normal cognition (NC). All participants completed demographic questionnaires and were examined with a standardized neuropsychological battery, F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET), and F-18 florbetaben PET. We classified subjects with depression and MCI into amyloid-β-positive (CDAP; n = 16) and amyloid-β-negative (CDAN; n = 15) groups. Pairwise rCMglc analyses were conducted between all three groups (CDAP vs. NC, CDAN vs. NC, and CDAP vs. CDAN). Results: In comparison with the NC group, the CDAP group showed reduced rCMglc predominantly in temporoparietal regions, whereas the CDAN group showed lower rCMglc in regions of the frontal lobe, in addition to the temporoparietal regions. The CDAN group also showed lower rCMglc in right anterior cingulate and left inferior orbitofrontal regions, in a comparison between the CDAP and CDAN groups. Limitations: The generalizability of the findings is limited because this study has a relatively small number of participants. In addition, this study used cross-sectional design rather than longitudinal design. Conclusions: Our findings may provide a reference to assess the risk of future cognitive deterioration. Consequently, this study is expected to contribute to prevention and early identification of dementia associated with AD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-36
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume239
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 15

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Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid
  • Depression
  • FDG-PET
  • Hypometabolism
  • Mild cognitive impairment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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