Regional pulse wave velocities and their cardiovascular risk factors among healthy middle-aged men: A cross-sectional population-based study

Jina Choo, Chol Shin, Emma Barinas-Mitchell, Kamal Masaki, Bradley J. Willcox, Todd B. Seto, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Sunghee Lee, Katsuyuki Miura, Lakshmi Venkitachalam, Rachel H. Mackey, Rhobert W. Evans, Lewis H. Kuller, Kim Sutton-Tyrrell, Akira Sekikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Both carotid-femoral (cf) pulse wave velocity (PWV) and brachial-ankle (ba) PWV employ arterial sites that are not consistent with the path of blood flow. Few previous studies have reported the differential characteristics between cfPWV and baPWV by simultaneously comparing these with measures of pure central (aorta) and peripheral (leg) arterial stiffness, i.e., heart-femoral (hf) PWV and femoral-ankle (fa) PWV in healthy populations. We aimed to identify the degree to which these commonly used measures of cfPWV and baPWV correlate with hfPWV and faPWV, respectively, and to evaluate whether both cfPWV and baPWV are consistent with either hfPWV or faPWV in their associations with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors.Methods: A population-based sample of healthy 784 men aged 40-49 (202 white Americans, 68 African Americans, 202 Japanese-Americans, and 282 Koreans) was examined in this cross-sectional study. Four regional PWVs were simultaneously measured by an automated tonometry/plethysmography system.Results: cfPWV correlated strongly with hfPWV (r = .81, P < .001), but weakly with faPWV (r = .12, P = .001). baPWV correlated moderately with both hfPWV (r = .47, P < .001) and faPWV (r = .62, P < .001). After stepwise regression analyses with adjustments for race, cfPWV shared common significant correlates with both hfPWV and faPWV: systolic blood pressure (BP) and body mass index (BMI). However, BMI was positively associated with hfPWV and cfPWV, and negatively associated with faPWV. baPWV shared common significant correlates with hfPWV: age and systolic BP. baPWV also shared the following correlates with faPWV: systolic BP, triglycerides, and current smoking.Conclusions: Among healthy men aged 40 - 49, cfPWV correlated strongly with central PWV, and baPWV correlated with both central and peripheral PWVs. Of the CV risk factors, systolic BP was uniformly associated with all the regional PWVs. In the associations with factors other than systolic BP, cfPWV was consistent with central PWV, while baPWV was consistent with both central and peripheral PWVs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 13

Fingerprint

Pulse Wave Analysis
Blood Pressure
Population
Thigh
Ankle
Body Mass Index
Vascular Stiffness
Plethysmography
Asian Americans
Manometry
African Americans
Aorta
Leg
Triglycerides
Arm
Cross-Sectional Studies
Smoking
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Aorta
  • Arterial stiffness
  • Brachial artery
  • Carotid arteries
  • Femoral artery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Regional pulse wave velocities and their cardiovascular risk factors among healthy middle-aged men : A cross-sectional population-based study. / Choo, Jina; Shin, Chol; Barinas-Mitchell, Emma; Masaki, Kamal; Willcox, Bradley J.; Seto, Todd B.; Ueshima, Hirotsugu; Lee, Sunghee; Miura, Katsuyuki; Venkitachalam, Lakshmi; Mackey, Rachel H.; Evans, Rhobert W.; Kuller, Lewis H.; Sutton-Tyrrell, Kim; Sekikawa, Akira.

In: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, Vol. 14, 5, 13.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Choo, J, Shin, C, Barinas-Mitchell, E, Masaki, K, Willcox, BJ, Seto, TB, Ueshima, H, Lee, S, Miura, K, Venkitachalam, L, Mackey, RH, Evans, RW, Kuller, LH, Sutton-Tyrrell, K & Sekikawa, A 2014, 'Regional pulse wave velocities and their cardiovascular risk factors among healthy middle-aged men: A cross-sectional population-based study', BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, vol. 14, 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2261-14-5
Choo, Jina ; Shin, Chol ; Barinas-Mitchell, Emma ; Masaki, Kamal ; Willcox, Bradley J. ; Seto, Todd B. ; Ueshima, Hirotsugu ; Lee, Sunghee ; Miura, Katsuyuki ; Venkitachalam, Lakshmi ; Mackey, Rachel H. ; Evans, Rhobert W. ; Kuller, Lewis H. ; Sutton-Tyrrell, Kim ; Sekikawa, Akira. / Regional pulse wave velocities and their cardiovascular risk factors among healthy middle-aged men : A cross-sectional population-based study. In: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders. 2014 ; Vol. 14.
@article{a651796f4fab4315bee64c45abcd87aa,
title = "Regional pulse wave velocities and their cardiovascular risk factors among healthy middle-aged men: A cross-sectional population-based study",
abstract = "Background: Both carotid-femoral (cf) pulse wave velocity (PWV) and brachial-ankle (ba) PWV employ arterial sites that are not consistent with the path of blood flow. Few previous studies have reported the differential characteristics between cfPWV and baPWV by simultaneously comparing these with measures of pure central (aorta) and peripheral (leg) arterial stiffness, i.e., heart-femoral (hf) PWV and femoral-ankle (fa) PWV in healthy populations. We aimed to identify the degree to which these commonly used measures of cfPWV and baPWV correlate with hfPWV and faPWV, respectively, and to evaluate whether both cfPWV and baPWV are consistent with either hfPWV or faPWV in their associations with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors.Methods: A population-based sample of healthy 784 men aged 40-49 (202 white Americans, 68 African Americans, 202 Japanese-Americans, and 282 Koreans) was examined in this cross-sectional study. Four regional PWVs were simultaneously measured by an automated tonometry/plethysmography system.Results: cfPWV correlated strongly with hfPWV (r = .81, P < .001), but weakly with faPWV (r = .12, P = .001). baPWV correlated moderately with both hfPWV (r = .47, P < .001) and faPWV (r = .62, P < .001). After stepwise regression analyses with adjustments for race, cfPWV shared common significant correlates with both hfPWV and faPWV: systolic blood pressure (BP) and body mass index (BMI). However, BMI was positively associated with hfPWV and cfPWV, and negatively associated with faPWV. baPWV shared common significant correlates with hfPWV: age and systolic BP. baPWV also shared the following correlates with faPWV: systolic BP, triglycerides, and current smoking.Conclusions: Among healthy men aged 40 - 49, cfPWV correlated strongly with central PWV, and baPWV correlated with both central and peripheral PWVs. Of the CV risk factors, systolic BP was uniformly associated with all the regional PWVs. In the associations with factors other than systolic BP, cfPWV was consistent with central PWV, while baPWV was consistent with both central and peripheral PWVs.",
keywords = "Aorta, Arterial stiffness, Brachial artery, Carotid arteries, Femoral artery",
author = "Jina Choo and Chol Shin and Emma Barinas-Mitchell and Kamal Masaki and Willcox, {Bradley J.} and Seto, {Todd B.} and Hirotsugu Ueshima and Sunghee Lee and Katsuyuki Miura and Lakshmi Venkitachalam and Mackey, {Rachel H.} and Evans, {Rhobert W.} and Kuller, {Lewis H.} and Kim Sutton-Tyrrell and Akira Sekikawa",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "13",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2261-14-5",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "BMC Cardiovascular Disorders",
issn = "1471-2261",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Regional pulse wave velocities and their cardiovascular risk factors among healthy middle-aged men

T2 - A cross-sectional population-based study

AU - Choo, Jina

AU - Shin, Chol

AU - Barinas-Mitchell, Emma

AU - Masaki, Kamal

AU - Willcox, Bradley J.

AU - Seto, Todd B.

AU - Ueshima, Hirotsugu

AU - Lee, Sunghee

AU - Miura, Katsuyuki

AU - Venkitachalam, Lakshmi

AU - Mackey, Rachel H.

AU - Evans, Rhobert W.

AU - Kuller, Lewis H.

AU - Sutton-Tyrrell, Kim

AU - Sekikawa, Akira

PY - 2014/1/13

Y1 - 2014/1/13

N2 - Background: Both carotid-femoral (cf) pulse wave velocity (PWV) and brachial-ankle (ba) PWV employ arterial sites that are not consistent with the path of blood flow. Few previous studies have reported the differential characteristics between cfPWV and baPWV by simultaneously comparing these with measures of pure central (aorta) and peripheral (leg) arterial stiffness, i.e., heart-femoral (hf) PWV and femoral-ankle (fa) PWV in healthy populations. We aimed to identify the degree to which these commonly used measures of cfPWV and baPWV correlate with hfPWV and faPWV, respectively, and to evaluate whether both cfPWV and baPWV are consistent with either hfPWV or faPWV in their associations with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors.Methods: A population-based sample of healthy 784 men aged 40-49 (202 white Americans, 68 African Americans, 202 Japanese-Americans, and 282 Koreans) was examined in this cross-sectional study. Four regional PWVs were simultaneously measured by an automated tonometry/plethysmography system.Results: cfPWV correlated strongly with hfPWV (r = .81, P < .001), but weakly with faPWV (r = .12, P = .001). baPWV correlated moderately with both hfPWV (r = .47, P < .001) and faPWV (r = .62, P < .001). After stepwise regression analyses with adjustments for race, cfPWV shared common significant correlates with both hfPWV and faPWV: systolic blood pressure (BP) and body mass index (BMI). However, BMI was positively associated with hfPWV and cfPWV, and negatively associated with faPWV. baPWV shared common significant correlates with hfPWV: age and systolic BP. baPWV also shared the following correlates with faPWV: systolic BP, triglycerides, and current smoking.Conclusions: Among healthy men aged 40 - 49, cfPWV correlated strongly with central PWV, and baPWV correlated with both central and peripheral PWVs. Of the CV risk factors, systolic BP was uniformly associated with all the regional PWVs. In the associations with factors other than systolic BP, cfPWV was consistent with central PWV, while baPWV was consistent with both central and peripheral PWVs.

AB - Background: Both carotid-femoral (cf) pulse wave velocity (PWV) and brachial-ankle (ba) PWV employ arterial sites that are not consistent with the path of blood flow. Few previous studies have reported the differential characteristics between cfPWV and baPWV by simultaneously comparing these with measures of pure central (aorta) and peripheral (leg) arterial stiffness, i.e., heart-femoral (hf) PWV and femoral-ankle (fa) PWV in healthy populations. We aimed to identify the degree to which these commonly used measures of cfPWV and baPWV correlate with hfPWV and faPWV, respectively, and to evaluate whether both cfPWV and baPWV are consistent with either hfPWV or faPWV in their associations with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors.Methods: A population-based sample of healthy 784 men aged 40-49 (202 white Americans, 68 African Americans, 202 Japanese-Americans, and 282 Koreans) was examined in this cross-sectional study. Four regional PWVs were simultaneously measured by an automated tonometry/plethysmography system.Results: cfPWV correlated strongly with hfPWV (r = .81, P < .001), but weakly with faPWV (r = .12, P = .001). baPWV correlated moderately with both hfPWV (r = .47, P < .001) and faPWV (r = .62, P < .001). After stepwise regression analyses with adjustments for race, cfPWV shared common significant correlates with both hfPWV and faPWV: systolic blood pressure (BP) and body mass index (BMI). However, BMI was positively associated with hfPWV and cfPWV, and negatively associated with faPWV. baPWV shared common significant correlates with hfPWV: age and systolic BP. baPWV also shared the following correlates with faPWV: systolic BP, triglycerides, and current smoking.Conclusions: Among healthy men aged 40 - 49, cfPWV correlated strongly with central PWV, and baPWV correlated with both central and peripheral PWVs. Of the CV risk factors, systolic BP was uniformly associated with all the regional PWVs. In the associations with factors other than systolic BP, cfPWV was consistent with central PWV, while baPWV was consistent with both central and peripheral PWVs.

KW - Aorta

KW - Arterial stiffness

KW - Brachial artery

KW - Carotid arteries

KW - Femoral artery

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84892429625&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84892429625&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2261-14-5

DO - 10.1186/1471-2261-14-5

M3 - Article

C2 - 24410766

AN - SCOPUS:84892429625

VL - 14

JO - BMC Cardiovascular Disorders

JF - BMC Cardiovascular Disorders

SN - 1471-2261

M1 - 5

ER -