Regulation of bcl-2 family in hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis in human leukemia HL-60 cells

Jung Eun Lee, Jeongwon Sohn, Jung Hwa Lee, Kwang Chul Lee, Chang Sung Son, Young Chang Tockgo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Numerous types of cells have been shown to undergo apoptosis when exposed to oxidant agent such as hydrogen peroxide. In order to understand the functional relationship between the anti- and pro-apoptotic regulatory proteins in the cells under oxidant stress, we have studied the level of expression of apoptosis regulatory proteins, bcl-2 and bax, in human leukemia HL-60 cells. The exposure of HL-60 cells to different concentrations of H2O2 for 6 h resulted in a typical apoptosis of the cells as characterized by flow cytometry, cell cycle analysis, and DNA fragmentation. There was a block in G1 to S transition and apoptotic cells were mainly derived from S and G2 cells. Kinetic study demonstrated that the levels of both bcl-2-mRNA and -protein expression were decreased with the progression of cellular apoptosis whereas the level of bax-mRNA was unchanged but the expressed bax-protein was not detectable. Cycloheximide, a nonspecific translation inhibitor, did not prevent the hydrogen peroxide-mediated apoptosis in HL-60 cells. These results suggest that the regulation of bcl-2, but not of bax are important factor in the oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-46
Number of pages5
JournalExperimental and Molecular Medicine
Volume32
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Mar 31

Fingerprint

HL-60 Cells
Hydrogen Peroxide
Leukemia
Apoptosis
Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
Oxidants
Cells
bcl-2-Associated X Protein
Messenger RNA
Oxidative stress
Flow cytometry
DNA Fragmentation
Cycloheximide
Cell Cycle
Flow Cytometry
Proteins
Oxidative Stress
Kinetics
DNA

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Bcl-2
  • Cell cycle
  • HL-60 cell
  • Hydrogen peroxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

Regulation of bcl-2 family in hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis in human leukemia HL-60 cells. / Lee, Jung Eun; Sohn, Jeongwon; Lee, Jung Hwa; Lee, Kwang Chul; Son, Chang Sung; Tockgo, Young Chang.

In: Experimental and Molecular Medicine, Vol. 32, No. 1, 31.03.2000, p. 42-46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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