Relation between insulin resistance and hematological parameters in elderly Koreans - Southwest Seoul (SWS) Study

Kyung Mook Choi, Juneyoung Lee, Yong Hyun Kim, K. B. Kim, D. L. Kim, Sin Gon Kim, D. H. Shin, Nan Hee Kim, I. B. Park, D. S. Choi, Sei-Hyun Baik

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Abstract

In this study, we investigated the relation between insulin resistance and hematological parameters in elderly Koreans. This study included 1314 non-diabetic subjects over the age of 60, selected from a cross-sectional study, which was conducted in 1999 in Seoul, Korea. We measured fasting and post-load 2 h plasma glucose, insulin levels, lipid profiles, anthropometric measures, and hematological parameters. The degree of insulin resistance was assessed using the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA). We found a correlation between insulin resistance and hemoglobin concentrations in non-smoking men (r=0.20, P=0.0186). In non-smoking women, insulin resistance correlated with hemoglobin (r=0.10, P=0.0017) and with white blood cell (WBC) count (r=0.15, P=0.001). Hemoglobin concentrations and WBC counts were also associated with other components of the insulin resistance syndrome such as body mass index, blood pressure, lipid profiles and fasting plasma insulin levels (surrogate for insulin resistance). Furthermore, the group in the upper quartile for insulin resistance showed higher hemoglobin concentrations and WBC counts than the lower quartile, independent of smoking status and serum iron concentrations. Using HOMA-IR as a dependent variable in a multiple regression analysis, age, body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), systolic blood pressure, HDL cholesterol, triglyceride, WBC count, hemoglobin, hematocrit and serum TIBC were significant. Our results provide support for a relation between insulin resistance/hyperinsulinemia and hematological parameters such as hemoglobin concentrations and WBC counts in elderly Koreans. This suggests that increased erythropoiesis and subclinical inflammation could be part of the metabolic syndrome in elderly Koreans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-212
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jun 1

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Keywords

  • Hemoglobin
  • Insulin resistance
  • Korean
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • White blood cell count

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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