Relation between structure and piezoelectric properties of (1-x-y)PbZrO3-xPbTiO3-yPb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics near triple point composition

Tae Gon Lee, Ho Jun Lee, Dae Hyeon Kim, Hai Bo Xu, Su jin Park, Jong Seong Park, Sahn Nahm, Chong Yun Kang, Seok Jin Yoon

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The structural and piezoelectric properties of (1-x-y)PbZrO3-xPbTiO3-yPb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3 [(1-x-y)PZ-xPT-yPNN] ceramics near the triple point were investigated. The 0.16PZ-0.34PT-0.5PNN ceramic with a triple point composition exhibited a large d33, kp and ε33To values of 855 pC/N, 0.68 and 5800, respectively. However, its g33 and d33 x g33 values were relatively small because of its large ε33To. Similar results were obtained for specimens with rhombohedral-tetragonal or pseudocubic-tetragonal morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) compositions. However, specimens with a rhombohedral structure near the rhombohedral-tetragonal MPB exhibited large g33 and d33 x g33 values because of their large d33 and small ε33To that can be explained by their polarization characteristics. In particular, 0.23PZ-0.36PT-0.41PNN ceramic exhibited large g33 and d33 x g33 values of 30.2 × 10−3 Vm/N and 22.6 × 10−12 m2/N, respectively, thus making it a good candidate for piezoelectric energy harvesters and multilayer actuators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4049-4057
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1



  • Actuator
  • Harvester
  • Pizoelectricity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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