Relation of body composition to daily physical activity in free-living Japanese adult women

Jonghoon Park, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Shigeho Tanaka, Yuki Hikihara, Kazunori Ohkawara, Shaw Watanabe, Motohiko Miyachi, Akemi Morita, Naomi Aiba, Izumi Tabata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the indices of body size such as BMI, fat-free mass index (FFMI, FFM/height 2), fat mass index (FMI, FM/height 2), and body fat percentage (%BF), and physical activities assessed by the doubly-labelled water (DLW) method and an accelerometer in free-living Japanese adult women. We conducted a cross-sectional study in 100 female subjects ranging in age from 31 to 69 years. Subjects were classified in quartiles of BMI, FFMI, FMI and %BF. Daily walking steps and the duration of light to vigorous physical activity were simultaneously assessed by an accelerometer for the same period as the DLW experiment. Only physical activity-related energy expenditure (PAEE)/FFM and PAEE/body weight (BW) decreased in the highest quartile of BMI. Physical activity level, PAEE/FFM and PAEE/BW decreased in the highest quartile of FMI and %BF, whereas they were not different among quartiles of FFMI. Daily walking steps and the duration of moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activities decreased or tended to decrease in the highest quartile of FMI and %BF, but did not differ among quartiles of FFMI and BMI. These results clearly showed that Japanese adult women with higher fat deposition obviously had a low level of physical activities assessed by both the DLW method and accelerometry, but those with larger BMI had lower PAEE/FFM and PAEE/BW only. Our data suggest that the relationship between obesity and daily physical activities should be discussed using not only BMI but also FMI or %BF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1117-1127
Number of pages11
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume106
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct 14
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Body Composition
Exercise
Energy Metabolism
Fats
Body Weight
Walking
Water
Accelerometry
Body Size
Adipose Tissue
Obesity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Light

Keywords

  • Accelerometry
  • Body composition
  • Doubly-labelled water
  • Japanese adult women
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Park, J., Ishikawa-Takata, K., Tanaka, S., Hikihara, Y., Ohkawara, K., Watanabe, S., ... Tabata, I. (2011). Relation of body composition to daily physical activity in free-living Japanese adult women. British Journal of Nutrition, 106(7), 1117-1127. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114511001358

Relation of body composition to daily physical activity in free-living Japanese adult women. / Park, Jonghoon; Ishikawa-Takata, Kazuko; Tanaka, Shigeho; Hikihara, Yuki; Ohkawara, Kazunori; Watanabe, Shaw; Miyachi, Motohiko; Morita, Akemi; Aiba, Naomi; Tabata, Izumi.

In: British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 106, No. 7, 14.10.2011, p. 1117-1127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Park, J, Ishikawa-Takata, K, Tanaka, S, Hikihara, Y, Ohkawara, K, Watanabe, S, Miyachi, M, Morita, A, Aiba, N & Tabata, I 2011, 'Relation of body composition to daily physical activity in free-living Japanese adult women', British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 106, no. 7, pp. 1117-1127. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114511001358
Park, Jonghoon ; Ishikawa-Takata, Kazuko ; Tanaka, Shigeho ; Hikihara, Yuki ; Ohkawara, Kazunori ; Watanabe, Shaw ; Miyachi, Motohiko ; Morita, Akemi ; Aiba, Naomi ; Tabata, Izumi. / Relation of body composition to daily physical activity in free-living Japanese adult women. In: British Journal of Nutrition. 2011 ; Vol. 106, No. 7. pp. 1117-1127.
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