Relationship between downstream hydraulic geometry and suspended sediment concentration characteristics

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The downstream hydraulic geometry relationships, i.e., the downstream variation of the water surface width W, the hydraulic depth H, and the mean velocity V at a constant flow frequency, represent the adaptation of channel geometry and flow dynamics to a given hydrological regime. It has been reported that W, H, and V all tend to increase in the downstream direction for most natural rivers but their increasing rates show relative differences. It is widely known that most natural rivers exhibit W increasing at a greater rate compared to H, indicating the formation of wide and shallow rivers. Nevertheless, rivers showing the opposite to this trend, i.e., H increases at a rate greater than that of W, have also been observed. We investigated four rivers in this study where two of them (the Kansas River and the Tennessee River) show greater increasing rate of W than that of H and the other two (the Mississippi River and the Nakdong River) show the opposite. We found that the two types of rivers show different spatial patterns in their relationships between suspended sediment concentration (C) and flow discharge (Q). Essentially, rivers with a greater increasing rate of W (i.e., the Kansas and the Tennessee) show C- Q relationships lagged in the downstream direction. On the other hand, rivers with a smaller increasing rate of W (i.e., the Mississippi and the Nakdong) show C- Q relationships that are aligned along the downstream direction. Considering that the flow discharge increases downstream in general, the rivers showing the aligned C- Q relationships are exposed to greater imbalance of spatial distribution of sediment fluxes, and hence supposed to be less stable compared to the other type of rivers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-252
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Hydro-Environment Research
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec

Keywords

  • Channel geometry
  • Channel modification
  • Hydraulic geometry
  • Mississippi
  • Nakdong
  • River training
  • Sediment concentration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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