Relationship between dyslipidemia and albuminuria in hypertensive adults a nationwide population-based study

Sung Ho Lee, Do-Hoon Kim, Yang-Hyun Kim, Yong Kyun Roh, Sang Yhun Ju, Hyo Yun Nam, Ga Eun Nam, Jun Seok Choi, Jong Eun Lee, Jung Eun Sang, Kyungdo Han, Yong Gyu Park

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Abstract

This study aimed to estimate the relationship between various lipid abnormalities and albuminuria in hypertensive Korean adults. Data obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2011 to 2012 were analyzed. The study included 2330 hypertensive participants. Total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), highdensity lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levelsweremeasured.Dyslipidemia parameterswere defined as high TG≥200mg/dL, lowHDL-CasHDL-C<40mg/dL, high TC/HDL-C as TC/HDL-C ratio ≥4, high TG/HDL-C as TG/HDL-C ratio ≥3.8, and high LDL-C/HDL-C as LDL-C/HDL-C ratio ≥2.5. Albuminuria was defined as a urine albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR) ≥30mg/g. Women with albuminuria showed significantly higher levels of TG, TC/HDL-C, and TG/HDL-C and a lower level ofHDL-C thanwomenwithout albuminuria (all P<0.05). LogTG, TC/HDL-C, and logTG/HDL-C were positively correlatedwithACRin bothmen andwomen; however,HDL-C was negatively correlated with ACR in women and non-HDL-C was positively correlated with ACR in men. In men, there was no association betweenACRand lipid parameters.However, inwomen, higher values for logTG, TC/HDL-C, and logTG/HDL-Cwere associatedwith an increased odds ratio (OR) for albuminuria (OR [95% confidence interval]: 1.53 [1.06-2.21], 1.21 [1.02-1.45], and 1.78 [1.21-2.63], respectively) and HDL-C with a decreased OR for albuminuria (0.78 [0.67-0.92]) after adjusting for all covariates. LogTG, TC/HDL-C, and logTG/HDL-C were associated with an increased prevalence of albuminuria in hypertensive women. Screening and treatment for dyslipidemia may be necessary for hypertensive women to address potential albuminuria.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere3224
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume95
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Lee, S. H., Kim, D-H., Kim, Y-H., Roh, Y. K., Ju, S. Y., Nam, H. Y., Nam, G. E., Choi, J. S., Lee, J. E., Sang, J. E., Han, K., & Park, Y. G. (2016). Relationship between dyslipidemia and albuminuria in hypertensive adults a nationwide population-based study. Medicine (United States), 95(16), [e3224]. https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000003224