Fifty-five patients (61 affected hips and 49 unaffected hips) with Perthes disease were reviewed to evaluate the relationship between widening of medial joint space and lateral subluxation of the femoral head in radiographs. The components of the medial joint space were evaluated by using T1, T2, proton, and Gd-enhanced T1WI magnetic resonance images (MRI). The widened medial joint space in radiographs was filled with overgrown cartilage at the initial stage (27 hips) in MRI, with both overgrown cartilage and widened true medial joint space at the fragmentation stage (23 hips) and widened true medial joint space at the healing stage (11 hips). Between affected hips and unaffected hips, the mean difference of medial joint space in radiographs between hips at the initial stage and at the fragmentation stage was 2 and 4.5 mm, respectively; the mean difference in percentage of lack of coverage of the femoral head between hips at the initial stage and at the fragmentation stage was 3 and 15%, respectively. During the healing stage, widening of the medial joint space decreased or normalized because of ossification of overgrown cartilage despite the existence of lateral subluxation because of coxa magna. We concluded that widening of the medial joint space may be used as an index of lateral subluxation at only the fragmentation stage in Perthes disease.
- Lateral subluxation
- Medial joint-space widening
- Perthes disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine