Relationship between the Angle of the Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery and Cardioembolic Stroke

Sang Hun Lee, Jae Hyung Cha, Il Eok Jung, Sungwook Yu, Ju Sun Moon, Kyung-Hee Cho, Kyungmi Oh, Chi Kyung Kim, Jin-Man Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: In patients with unilateral posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) territory infarction, the absence of relevant vessel stenosis may make it difficult to determine the etiology of the infarction. The incidence of cardioembolic (CE) infarction and the factors associated with infarction in such patients remains largely unknown. We hypothesized that the PICA angle would affect the flow direction of embolic sources. Thus, we analyzed the association between high-risk CE sources and the PICA angle. Methods: Patients with an isolated unilateral PICA territory infarction without relevant vessel stenosis who were admitted between 2014 and 2017 were included from the Korea University Stroke Registry, which includes data from 3 university hospitals. We classified patients according to the presence of CE sources. For each case, we measured the angle between the vertebral artery (VA) and the proximal PICA. Results: In all, 71 patients met the final study entry criteria. Multivariable analysis showed that the PICA angle was independently associated with the risk of a CE source. The optimal cut-off value using Youden's index was 89°. We classified the PICA shape based on the optimal cut-off value. A CE source was identified in 83.3% of cases in which the PICA angle exceeded 89°. Conclusions: The angle between the PICA and VA was an independent predictor of unilateral PICA stroke with high-risk CE sources without relevant artery stenosis, suggesting that an angle greater than 89° could be a new image marker for determining the stroke subtype.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

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Arteries
Stroke
Infarction
Pathologic Constriction
Vertebral Artery
Korea
Registries
Incidence

Keywords

  • Cardioembolism
  • PICA angle
  • PICA infarction
  • PICA stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Relationship between the Angle of the Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery and Cardioembolic Stroke",
abstract = "Background: In patients with unilateral posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) territory infarction, the absence of relevant vessel stenosis may make it difficult to determine the etiology of the infarction. The incidence of cardioembolic (CE) infarction and the factors associated with infarction in such patients remains largely unknown. We hypothesized that the PICA angle would affect the flow direction of embolic sources. Thus, we analyzed the association between high-risk CE sources and the PICA angle. Methods: Patients with an isolated unilateral PICA territory infarction without relevant vessel stenosis who were admitted between 2014 and 2017 were included from the Korea University Stroke Registry, which includes data from 3 university hospitals. We classified patients according to the presence of CE sources. For each case, we measured the angle between the vertebral artery (VA) and the proximal PICA. Results: In all, 71 patients met the final study entry criteria. Multivariable analysis showed that the PICA angle was independently associated with the risk of a CE source. The optimal cut-off value using Youden's index was 89°. We classified the PICA shape based on the optimal cut-off value. A CE source was identified in 83.3{\%} of cases in which the PICA angle exceeded 89°. Conclusions: The angle between the PICA and VA was an independent predictor of unilateral PICA stroke with high-risk CE sources without relevant artery stenosis, suggesting that an angle greater than 89° could be a new image marker for determining the stroke subtype.",
keywords = "Cardioembolism, PICA angle, PICA infarction, PICA stroke",
author = "Lee, {Sang Hun} and Cha, {Jae Hyung} and Jung, {Il Eok} and Sungwook Yu and Moon, {Ju Sun} and Kyung-Hee Cho and Kyungmi Oh and Kim, {Chi Kyung} and Jin-Man Jung",
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T1 - Relationship between the Angle of the Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery and Cardioembolic Stroke

AU - Lee, Sang Hun

AU - Cha, Jae Hyung

AU - Jung, Il Eok

AU - Yu, Sungwook

AU - Moon, Ju Sun

AU - Cho, Kyung-Hee

AU - Oh, Kyungmi

AU - Kim, Chi Kyung

AU - Jung, Jin-Man

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Background: In patients with unilateral posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) territory infarction, the absence of relevant vessel stenosis may make it difficult to determine the etiology of the infarction. The incidence of cardioembolic (CE) infarction and the factors associated with infarction in such patients remains largely unknown. We hypothesized that the PICA angle would affect the flow direction of embolic sources. Thus, we analyzed the association between high-risk CE sources and the PICA angle. Methods: Patients with an isolated unilateral PICA territory infarction without relevant vessel stenosis who were admitted between 2014 and 2017 were included from the Korea University Stroke Registry, which includes data from 3 university hospitals. We classified patients according to the presence of CE sources. For each case, we measured the angle between the vertebral artery (VA) and the proximal PICA. Results: In all, 71 patients met the final study entry criteria. Multivariable analysis showed that the PICA angle was independently associated with the risk of a CE source. The optimal cut-off value using Youden's index was 89°. We classified the PICA shape based on the optimal cut-off value. A CE source was identified in 83.3% of cases in which the PICA angle exceeded 89°. Conclusions: The angle between the PICA and VA was an independent predictor of unilateral PICA stroke with high-risk CE sources without relevant artery stenosis, suggesting that an angle greater than 89° could be a new image marker for determining the stroke subtype.

AB - Background: In patients with unilateral posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) territory infarction, the absence of relevant vessel stenosis may make it difficult to determine the etiology of the infarction. The incidence of cardioembolic (CE) infarction and the factors associated with infarction in such patients remains largely unknown. We hypothesized that the PICA angle would affect the flow direction of embolic sources. Thus, we analyzed the association between high-risk CE sources and the PICA angle. Methods: Patients with an isolated unilateral PICA territory infarction without relevant vessel stenosis who were admitted between 2014 and 2017 were included from the Korea University Stroke Registry, which includes data from 3 university hospitals. We classified patients according to the presence of CE sources. For each case, we measured the angle between the vertebral artery (VA) and the proximal PICA. Results: In all, 71 patients met the final study entry criteria. Multivariable analysis showed that the PICA angle was independently associated with the risk of a CE source. The optimal cut-off value using Youden's index was 89°. We classified the PICA shape based on the optimal cut-off value. A CE source was identified in 83.3% of cases in which the PICA angle exceeded 89°. Conclusions: The angle between the PICA and VA was an independent predictor of unilateral PICA stroke with high-risk CE sources without relevant artery stenosis, suggesting that an angle greater than 89° could be a new image marker for determining the stroke subtype.

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