Relationship between the morphology and interfacial tension of polypropylene and ethylene propylene diene monomer blends: The effect of repetitive extrusion

Yun Kyun Lee, Han Ki Lee, Tae Wook Yoo, Ho Gyu Yoon, Woo Nyon Kim

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the effects of repeated extrusion on the mechanical properties, morphology, and interfacial tension of polypropylene (PP)/ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) (80/20) blends were investigated. For the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends, the impact strength of the blends increased with repeated extrusion, which could be attributed to the interaction between the PP and the EPDM. The interfacial tension of the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends, which was determined using the Palierne and Choi-Schowalter models, decreased with an increase in the number of repeated extrusion. Based on the results of the mechanical properties and morphology, the interaction between the PP and the EPDM with repeated extrusion contributed to the reduction of interfacial tension between the PP and the EPDM, which consequently improved the impact strength of the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends. The results for the nuclear magnetic resonance studies supported the increase in impact strength of the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends with repeated extrusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1416-1422
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume127
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 15

Fingerprint

Polypropylenes
Propylene
Extrusion
Surface tension
Ethylene
Monomers
Impact strength
Mechanical properties
ethylene-propylene-diene-monomer
Nuclear magnetic resonance

Keywords

  • compatibility
  • interfacial tension
  • polymer blends
  • recycling
  • rheology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "In this study, the effects of repeated extrusion on the mechanical properties, morphology, and interfacial tension of polypropylene (PP)/ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) (80/20) blends were investigated. For the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends, the impact strength of the blends increased with repeated extrusion, which could be attributed to the interaction between the PP and the EPDM. The interfacial tension of the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends, which was determined using the Palierne and Choi-Schowalter models, decreased with an increase in the number of repeated extrusion. Based on the results of the mechanical properties and morphology, the interaction between the PP and the EPDM with repeated extrusion contributed to the reduction of interfacial tension between the PP and the EPDM, which consequently improved the impact strength of the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends. The results for the nuclear magnetic resonance studies supported the increase in impact strength of the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends with repeated extrusion.",
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AU - Lee, Yun Kyun

AU - Lee, Han Ki

AU - Yoo, Tae Wook

AU - Yoon, Ho Gyu

AU - Kim, Woo Nyon

PY - 2013/1/15

Y1 - 2013/1/15

N2 - In this study, the effects of repeated extrusion on the mechanical properties, morphology, and interfacial tension of polypropylene (PP)/ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) (80/20) blends were investigated. For the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends, the impact strength of the blends increased with repeated extrusion, which could be attributed to the interaction between the PP and the EPDM. The interfacial tension of the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends, which was determined using the Palierne and Choi-Schowalter models, decreased with an increase in the number of repeated extrusion. Based on the results of the mechanical properties and morphology, the interaction between the PP and the EPDM with repeated extrusion contributed to the reduction of interfacial tension between the PP and the EPDM, which consequently improved the impact strength of the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends. The results for the nuclear magnetic resonance studies supported the increase in impact strength of the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends with repeated extrusion.

AB - In this study, the effects of repeated extrusion on the mechanical properties, morphology, and interfacial tension of polypropylene (PP)/ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) (80/20) blends were investigated. For the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends, the impact strength of the blends increased with repeated extrusion, which could be attributed to the interaction between the PP and the EPDM. The interfacial tension of the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends, which was determined using the Palierne and Choi-Schowalter models, decreased with an increase in the number of repeated extrusion. Based on the results of the mechanical properties and morphology, the interaction between the PP and the EPDM with repeated extrusion contributed to the reduction of interfacial tension between the PP and the EPDM, which consequently improved the impact strength of the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends. The results for the nuclear magnetic resonance studies supported the increase in impact strength of the PP/EPDM (80/20) blends with repeated extrusion.

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