### Abstract

Corrosion of reinforcement in concrete is a major durability problem of reinforced concrete structures. The corrosion is initiated by chloride penetration into the concrete, which is a diffusion-controlled process involving many complex physical and chemical mechanisms. Large random variation has shown in the corrosion damage of reinforced concrete structures, and there is a pressing need to develop a reliability analysis method for chloride penetration and for the onset of steel corrosion in concrete. In order to conduct a reliability analysis, a comprehensive material model for chloride concentration is developed and described, and some of the model parameters (water-cement ratio and curing time) are selected as random variables. By including uncertainties in the selected variables, the chloride penetration front at a point in time can be represented by a time-dependent probabilistic distribution. Similar to the concepts of supply and demand used in structural reliability analysis, the chloride penetration front at a target level (depth) with respect to time can be represented by the probability distribution of crossing the target level. A detailed description of the basic concepts and numerical examples are given. To include the effect of uncertainties of the material parameters, a recently developed Monte Carlo simulation program was used in numerical examples.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 305-315 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Journal | Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics |

Volume | 17 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2002 Jul 1 |

Externally published | Yes |

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### Keywords

- Chloride penetration
- Concrete durability
- Monte Carlo simulation
- Reliability

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Mechanical Engineering
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

### Cite this

*Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics*,

*17*(3), 305-315. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0266-8920(02)00014-0