Methods: This randomized experimental animal study was performed using 8-week-old mice weighing 35–40 g. Mice were randomized (n = 13 per group) to four groups. RIPC was induced with three 10-min cycles of hind limb ischemia by placing an elastic rubber band tourniquet on the proximal part of the limb, with each ischemia cycle followed by 10 min of reperfusion. The groups were treated as follows: (1) the control group received an injection of saline [intraperitoneally (i.p.)]; (2) the RIPC group was subjected to RIPC, followed immediately by an injection of saline (i.p.); (3) the LPS group received an injection of LPS (20 mg/kg, i.p.); (4) the RIPC/LPS group was subjected to RIPC, followed immediately by an injection of LPS (20 mg/kg, i.p.). TNF-α, NF-κB, and IκB-α levels, neutrophil accumulation, and microabscess formation in the liver were evaluated after LPS injection.
Purpose: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is a potent preconditioning stimulus that may confer subsequent protection to organs subjected to potentially lethal injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of RIPC on nuclear factor (NF)-κB activation, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α release, and hepatic injury in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis.
Results: Among our treatment groups, RIPC significantly attenuated TNF-α release in response to endotoxin and inhibited NF-κB activation, neutrophil accumulation, and microabscess formation in the liver.
Conclusion: The results demonstrate that RIPC has protective effects in liver injury via attenuation of TNF-α production in LPS-induced sepsis. The suppressive effect on TNF-α production may be mediated through inhibition of NF-κB activation.
- Remote ischemic preconditioning
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine