The LDL receptor and the LDL receptor-related protein (LRP) mediate the removal of chylomicron remnants. The LRP pathway involves sequestration of particles in the space of Disse. It has been proposed that either alone or in combination with other factors, such as apolipoprotein E and proteoglycans, hepatic lipase (HL) may contribute to the sequestration of chylomicron remnants. To test this hypothesis, we generated two lines of transgenic mice producing rat HL as a native or as a membrane-anchored form. These animals express HL at levels similar to normal rat. Chylomicron remnants were perfused in a single nonrecirculating pass into the livers of the rat HL transgenic, HL-deficient, and wild-type (WT) mice for 20 min, and the rate of chylomicron remnant removal was measured. Chylomicron remnants were removed at a rate of ∼50% per pass in WT mice. It was slightly increased in both transgenic mice and reduced in HL-deficient mice compared with the WT mice. Confocal microscopy of liver sections showed that a modest amount of HL colocalized with chylomicron remnant clusters in the transgenic mice, suggesting that HL is a component of the LRP-proteoglycan clusters. These data suggest that HL helps to direct cholesterol to the tissues in which it is localized by a nonenzymatic mechanism.
- In vivo
- Liver perfusion
- Low density lipoprotein receptor
- Low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology