Early exposures to anesthetics can cause long-lasting changes in excitatory/inhibitory synaptic transmission (E/I imbalance), an important mechanism for neurodevelopmental disorders. Since E/I imbalance is also involved with addiction, we further investigated possible changes in addiction-related behaviors after multiple ketamine anesthesia in late postnatal mice. Postnatal day (PND) 16 mice received multiple ketamine anesthesia (35 mg kg−1, 5 days), and behavioral changes were evaluated at PND28 and PND56. Although mice exposed to early anesthesia displayed normal behavioral sensitization, we found significant increases in conditioned place preference to both low-dose ketamine (20 mg kg−1) and nicotine (0.5 mg kg−1). By performing transcriptome analysis and whole-cell recordings in the hippocampus, a brain region involved with CPP, we also discovered enhanced neuronal excitability and E/I imbalance in CA1 pyramidal neurons. Interestingly, these changes were not found in female mice. Our results suggest that repeated ketamine anesthesia during neurodevelopment may influence drug reward behavior later in life.
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Dec|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)