Residual stress and elastic modulus of Y2O3 coating deposited by EB-PVD and its effects on surface crack formation

Dae Min Kim, Yoon Soo Han, Seongwon Kim, Yoon Suk Oh, Dae-Soon Lim, Hyung Tae Kim, Sung Min Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, a new Y2O3 coating deposited using the EB-PVD method has been developed for erosion resistant applications in fluorocarbon plasma environments. In this study, surface crack formation in the Y2O3 coating has been analyzed in terms of residual stress and elastic modulus. The coating, deposited on silicon substrate at temperatures higher than 600°C, showed itself to be sound, without surface cracks. When the residual stress of the coating was measured using the Stoney formula, it was found to be considerably lower than the value calculated using the elastic modulus and thermal expansion coefficient of bulk Y2O3. In addition, amorphous SiO2 and crystalline Al2O3 coatings were similarly prepared and their residual stresses were compared to the calculated values. From nano-indentation measurement, the elastic modulus of the Y2O3 coating in the direction parallel to the coating surface was found to be lower than that in the normal direction. The lower modulus in the parallel direction was confirmed independently using the load-deflection curves of a micro-cantilever made of Y2O3 coating and from the average residual stress-temperature curve of the coated sample. The elastic modulus in these experiments was around 33 ∼ 35 GPa, which is much lower than that of a sintered bulk sample. Thus, this low elastic modulus, which may come from the columnar feather-like structure of the coating, contributed to decreasing the average residual tensile stress. Finally, in terms of toughness and thermal cycling stability, the implications of the lowered elastic modulus are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-416
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Korean Ceramic Society
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 1


  • Elastic modulus
  • Nano indentation
  • Residual stress
  • Yttrium oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites


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