Retrievable covered nitinol stents: Experiences in 108 patients with malignant esophageal strictures

Ho Young Song, Hee Lee Deok, Tae Seok Seo, Sung Bae Kim, Hwoon Yong Jung, Jong Hoon Kim, Seung Il Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: The authors report their experience with three types of retrievable covered nitinol stents in patients with malignant esophageal strictures. Materials AND METHODS: Three types of retrievable covered nitinol stents were designed. Type A stents were placed in 45 patients, type B stents were placed in 29 patients, and type C stents were placed in 34 patients. The stents were removed with use of a stent retrieval set under fluoroscopic guidance when the stents caused complications. Stent patency, symptom relief, survival rate, and complications were analyzed relative to stent type and radiation therapy. RESULTS: The timing of radiation and the stent type have significant effects on occurrence of complications such as stent migration and fistula formation (P = .002 and P = 0.029, respectively). Complications were significantly more frequent in patients with the type B stent than those with type A or type C stents (P = .008). Patients who underwent radiation therapy before stent placement or who underwent no radiation therapy experienced substantially less complications than those who underwent radiation therapy after stent placement (P = .005 and P < .001, respectively). The survival period was significantly longer in patients who underwent radiation therapy after stent placement than in the other groups (P = .034). Stents were removed from 15 patients (14%) 2 days to 16 weeks (mean, 4 weeks) after stent placement as a result of severe pain (n = 7), stent migration (n = 6), or stent deformity (n = 2). Stent removal was well tolerated in all patients. CONCLUSION: Use of retrievable covered nitinol stents seems to be a safe and effective method of treatment in patients with malignant esophageal strictures. However, removal of the stents was needed in 14% of the patients because of complications. Patients who underwent radiation therapy after stent placement and those with the type B stent experienced more complications than other patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-292
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Esophagus, stenosis or obstruction
  • Stents and prostheses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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