Reusable selective sensing-substrate for ultrasensitive and rapid detection of uranium radioisotopes

Jeonghyeon Ryu, Ji young Park, Young Gun Ko, Hyuncheol Kim, Wanno Lee, Dong June Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An analytical method based on a fabricated analytical disc was developed using a phosphonate-immobilized quartz substrate for the rapid analysis of uranium. Phosphonate groups selectively adsorb uranium dissolved in a solution through the formation of stable complexes. The uranium concentration and isotopic ratios in the sample can rapidly be determined by measuring the radioactivity of the adsorbed uranium on the analytical disc using alpha-particle spectrometry. The chemical structure and elemental composition of the fabricated disc were analyzed by XPS, and the adsorption properties were evaluated as functions of pH of a sample solution, reaction time, and adsorbate concentration, as well as reusability and selectivity, using alpha-particle spectrometry, ICP-OES, and ICP-MS. An analytical method was developed based on these properties and validated with prepared uranium solutions by assessing the chemical recovery yield, relative error, and relative standard deviation. The developed method is expected to be used for on-the-spot uranium analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105983
JournalJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct

Keywords

  • Alpha-particle spectrometry
  • Environmental monitoring
  • On-the-spot analysis
  • Radioactivity measurement
  • Uranium isotope analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Reusable selective sensing-substrate for ultrasensitive and rapid detection of uranium radioisotopes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this