Reversible chemisorbents for carbon dioxide and their potential applications

Ki Bong Lee, Michael G. Beaver, Hugo S. Caram, Shivaji Sircar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

151 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Physisorbents like zeolites, activated carbons, silica, and alumina gels have been traditionally used for separation of bulk or trace carbon dioxide from a gas mixture using a pressure or a thermal swing adsorption process. These processes are generally operated at near ambient or at moderate temperatures (say <100 °C) because the equilibrium sorption capacity and selectivity of sorption of CO2 on the physi-sorbents rapidly decrease at higher temperatures. Recently, a variety of reversible CO2 chemisorbents have been developed which offer decent sorption capacity and high selectivity for CO2 at relatively higher temperatures (∼150 to 500° C). Some of these chemisorbents even exhibit high selectivity of CO2 sorption in the presence of H2O which is mechanistically impossible for a physisorbent. Consequently, these chemisorbents can be used in (a) sorption enhanced reaction (SER) concepts for production of fuel-cell grade H2 from natural gas by low temperature steam-methane reformation reaction at ca. 400-500° C or from synthesis gas by water-gas shift reaction at ca. 200-400° C, and (b) removal and recovery of CO2 from a flue gas at a temperature of 150-200° C without precooling, predrying, and precompression. A comprehensive review of this subject is presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8048-8062
Number of pages15
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume47
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Nov 5
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Reversible chemisorbents for carbon dioxide and their potential applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this