Reversible watermarking using edge based difference modification

Xiaochao Qu, Suah Kim, Hyong Joong Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Reversible watermarking can embed data into the cover image and extract data from stego image, where the original cover image can be recovered perfectly after the extraction of data. Difference expansion (DE) and prediction error expansion (PEE) are two popular reversible watermarking methods. DE has the advantage of small distortion while PEE has the advantage of large embedding capacity and smaller prediction error compared with pixel difference. In this paper, we proposed a novel method that combines the advantages of DE and PEE, where the difference calculated between two pixels is combined with the edge information near this pixel pair. The proposed difference calculation can produce smaller pixel difference compared with the original simple pixel difference calculation. Overlapping embedding is then used to increase the embedding capacity. Our proposed method gives excellent results which is shown by several experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume9069
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb 24
Event5th International Conference on Graphic and Image Processing, ICGIP 2013 - Hong Kong, China
Duration: 2013 Oct 262013 Oct 27

Other

Other5th International Conference on Graphic and Image Processing, ICGIP 2013
CountryChina
CityHong Kong
Period13/10/2613/10/27

Fingerprint

Reversible Watermarking
Watermarking
Pixels
pixels
expansion
Prediction Error
Pixel
embedding
predictions
Cover
Overlapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Qu, X., Kim, S., & Kim, H. J. (2014). Reversible watermarking using edge based difference modification. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 9069). [90690Q] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2050221

Reversible watermarking using edge based difference modification. / Qu, Xiaochao; Kim, Suah; Kim, Hyong Joong.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 9069 2014. 90690Q.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Qu, X, Kim, S & Kim, HJ 2014, Reversible watermarking using edge based difference modification. in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 9069, 90690Q, 5th International Conference on Graphic and Image Processing, ICGIP 2013, Hong Kong, China, 13/10/26. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2050221
Qu X, Kim S, Kim HJ. Reversible watermarking using edge based difference modification. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 9069. 2014. 90690Q https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2050221
Qu, Xiaochao ; Kim, Suah ; Kim, Hyong Joong. / Reversible watermarking using edge based difference modification. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 9069 2014.
@inproceedings{dac5288ead3c4a08a0d7204792e0de1b,
title = "Reversible watermarking using edge based difference modification",
abstract = "Reversible watermarking can embed data into the cover image and extract data from stego image, where the original cover image can be recovered perfectly after the extraction of data. Difference expansion (DE) and prediction error expansion (PEE) are two popular reversible watermarking methods. DE has the advantage of small distortion while PEE has the advantage of large embedding capacity and smaller prediction error compared with pixel difference. In this paper, we proposed a novel method that combines the advantages of DE and PEE, where the difference calculated between two pixels is combined with the edge information near this pixel pair. The proposed difference calculation can produce smaller pixel difference compared with the original simple pixel difference calculation. Overlapping embedding is then used to increase the embedding capacity. Our proposed method gives excellent results which is shown by several experiments.",
keywords = "DE, edge based difference modification, PEE, Reversible watermarking",
author = "Xiaochao Qu and Suah Kim and Kim, {Hyong Joong}",
year = "2014",
month = "2",
day = "24",
doi = "10.1117/12.2050221",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781628410013",
volume = "9069",
booktitle = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Reversible watermarking using edge based difference modification

AU - Qu, Xiaochao

AU - Kim, Suah

AU - Kim, Hyong Joong

PY - 2014/2/24

Y1 - 2014/2/24

N2 - Reversible watermarking can embed data into the cover image and extract data from stego image, where the original cover image can be recovered perfectly after the extraction of data. Difference expansion (DE) and prediction error expansion (PEE) are two popular reversible watermarking methods. DE has the advantage of small distortion while PEE has the advantage of large embedding capacity and smaller prediction error compared with pixel difference. In this paper, we proposed a novel method that combines the advantages of DE and PEE, where the difference calculated between two pixels is combined with the edge information near this pixel pair. The proposed difference calculation can produce smaller pixel difference compared with the original simple pixel difference calculation. Overlapping embedding is then used to increase the embedding capacity. Our proposed method gives excellent results which is shown by several experiments.

AB - Reversible watermarking can embed data into the cover image and extract data from stego image, where the original cover image can be recovered perfectly after the extraction of data. Difference expansion (DE) and prediction error expansion (PEE) are two popular reversible watermarking methods. DE has the advantage of small distortion while PEE has the advantage of large embedding capacity and smaller prediction error compared with pixel difference. In this paper, we proposed a novel method that combines the advantages of DE and PEE, where the difference calculated between two pixels is combined with the edge information near this pixel pair. The proposed difference calculation can produce smaller pixel difference compared with the original simple pixel difference calculation. Overlapping embedding is then used to increase the embedding capacity. Our proposed method gives excellent results which is shown by several experiments.

KW - DE

KW - edge based difference modification

KW - PEE

KW - Reversible watermarking

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84894154199&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84894154199&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.2050221

DO - 10.1117/12.2050221

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9781628410013

VL - 9069

BT - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

ER -