Review of the BCI competition IV

Michael Tangermann, Klaus Robert Müller, Ad Aertsen, Niels Birbaumer, Christoph Braun, Clemens Brunner, Robert Leeb, Carsten Mehring, Kai J. Miller, Gernot R. Müller-Putz, Guido Nolte, Gert Pfurtscheller, Hubert Preissl, Gerwin Schalk, Alois Schlögl, Carmen Vidaurre, Stephan Waldert, Benjamin Blankertz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

528 Citations (Scopus)


The BCI competition IV stands in the tradition of prior BCI competitions that aim to provide high quality neuroscientific data for open access to the scientific community. As experienced already in prior competitions not only scientists from the narrow field of BCI compete, but scholars with a broad variety of backgrounds and nationalities. They include high specialists as well as students.The goals of all BCI competitions have always been to challenge with respect to novel paradigms and complex data. We report on the following challenges: (1) asynchronous data, (2) synthetic, (3) multi-class continuous data, (4) sessionto-session transfer, (5) directionally modulated MEG, (6) finger movements recorded by ECoG. As after past competitions, our hope is that winning entries may enhance the analysis methods of future BCIs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number55
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
Issue numberJULY
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Bci
  • Brain-computer interface
  • Competition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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