RGO/sAC composites as electrode materials for supercapacitors to enhance electrochemical performance

Minjeong Choi, Sang Ho Lee, Dong Ha Kim, Kyung Hee Shin, Chang Soo Jin, Sung Soo Kim, Yun Chan Kang, Sun Hwa Yeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A compact composite of reduced graphene oxide (RGO) and spherical activated carbon (sAC) was prepared by microwave irradiation reduction using water as the solvent after mixing RGO and sAC and is a promising electrode material for supercapacitors. The removal of the oxygen functional group in RGO and the distinct structure of compact RGO/sAC composites are confirmed by FT–IR, XRD and XPS analyses. The morphology of the composite exhibits homogeneous and thick coating with an RGO nanosheet on the surface of the sAC. This structure has high micropore volume and leads to enhanced electrochemical performance. Based on the specific capacitance from the cyclic voltammetry curves, while the physical mixing compound of RGO/sAC (PM–RGO/sAC) is only 120 F/g at a scan rate of 2 mV/s, the compact RGO/sAC compound (MI–RGO/sAC) is 166 F/g by microwave irradiation, which enhances the specific capacitance by approximately 138% compared to that of the PM–RGO/sAC. Therefore, the composite material of MI–RGO/sAC driven by microwave irradiation can facilitate fast ion transport in supercapacitors and is a good candidate for electrodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-78
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids
Volume131
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Aug 1

Fingerprint

Graphite
electrochemical capacitors
activated carbon
electrode materials
Activated carbon
Oxides
Graphene
graphene
Electrodes
composite materials
oxides
Composite materials
Microwave irradiation
microwaves
irradiation
Capacitance
capacitance
carbon compounds
Supercapacitor
Nanosheets

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Energy storage system
  • Reduced graphene oxide
  • Supercapacitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

RGO/sAC composites as electrode materials for supercapacitors to enhance electrochemical performance. / Choi, Minjeong; Lee, Sang Ho; Kim, Dong Ha; Shin, Kyung Hee; Jin, Chang Soo; Kim, Sung Soo; Kang, Yun Chan; Yeon, Sun Hwa.

In: Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Vol. 131, 01.08.2019, p. 69-78.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Choi, Minjeong ; Lee, Sang Ho ; Kim, Dong Ha ; Shin, Kyung Hee ; Jin, Chang Soo ; Kim, Sung Soo ; Kang, Yun Chan ; Yeon, Sun Hwa. / RGO/sAC composites as electrode materials for supercapacitors to enhance electrochemical performance. In: Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids. 2019 ; Vol. 131. pp. 69-78.
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