Orosomucoid like 3 (ORMDL3), a gene localized to chromosome 17q21, has been linked in epidemiologic studies to childhood asthma and rhinovirus (RV) infections. As the single nucleotide polymorphisms linking ORMDL3 to asthma are associated with increased expression of ORMDL3, we have used hORMDL3zp3-Cre mice (which have universal increased expression of human ORMDL3) to determine whether infection of these transgenic mice with RV influences levels of airway inflammation or RV viral load. RV infection of hORMDL3zp3-Cre mice resulted in reduced RV viral load assessed by quantitative real-time PCR (lung and airway epithelium), as well as reduced airway inflammation (total bronchoalveolar lavage cells, neutrophils, macrophages, and lymphocytes) compared with RV-infected wild-type mice. Levels of the antiviral pathways including IFNs (IFN-α, IFN-β, IFN-λ) and RNAse L were significantly increased in the lungs of RV-infected hORMDL3zp3-Cre mice. Levels of the antiviral mouse oligoadenylate synthetase (mOas)1g pathway and RNAse L were upregulated in the lungs of unchallenged hORMDL3zp3-Cre mice. In addition, levels of mOas2, but not mOas1 (mOas1a, mOas1b, mOas1g), or mOas3 pathways were significantly more upregulated by IFNs (IFN-α, IFN-β, IFN-λ) in epithelial cells from hORMDL3zp3-Cre mice compared with RV-infected wild-type mouse epithelial cells. RNAse L-deficient mice infected with RV had increased RV viral load. Overall, these studies suggest that increased levels of ORMDL3 contribute to antiviral defense to RV infection in mice through pathways that may include IFNs (IFN-α, IFN-β, IFN-λ), OAS, and RNAse L.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy