Risk factors associated with poor outcomes in patients with brain abscesses

Seok Jin Ko, Kyung Jae Park, Dong Hyuk Park, Shin Hyuk Kang, Jung Yul Park, Yong Gu Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes, and prognostic factors in patients with brain abscesses treated in a single institute during a recent 10-year period. Methods: Fifty-one patients with brain abscesses who underwent navigation-assisted abscess aspiration with antibiotic treatment were included in this study. Variable parameters were collected from the patients’ medical records and radiological data. A comparison was made between patients with favorable [Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) ≥4] and unfavorable (GOS <4) outcomes at discharge. Additionally, we investigated the factors influencing the duration of antibiotic administration. Results: The study included 41 male and 10 female patients with a mean age of 53 years. At admission, 42 patients (82%) showed either clear or mildly disturbed consciousness (GCS ≥13) and 24 patients (47%) had predisposing factors. The offending microorganisms were identified in 25 patients (49%), and Streptococcus species were the most commonly isolated bacteria (27%). The mean duration of antibiotic administration was 42 days. At discharge, 41 patients had a favorable outcome and 10 had an unfavorable outcome including 8 deaths. The decreased level of consciousness (GCS <13) on admission was likely associated with an unfavorable outcome (p=0.052), and initial hyperglycemia (≥140 mg/dL) was an independent risk factor for prolonged antibiotic therapy (p=0.032). Conclusion: We found that the level of consciousness at admission was associated with treatment outcomes in patients with brain abscesses. Furthermore, initial hyperglycemia was closely related to the long-term use of antibiotic agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-41
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul 1

Keywords

  • Brain abscess
  • Glasgow Coma Scale
  • Glasgow Outcome Scale
  • Hyperglycemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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