Risk factors for severe diverticulitis in computed tomography-confirmed acute diverticulitis in Korea

Nark Soon Park, Yoon Tae Jeen, Hyuk Soon Choi, Eun Sun Kim, Young Jin Kim, Bora Keum, Yeon Seok Seo, Hoon Jai Chun, Hong Sik Lee, Soon Ho Um, Chang Duck Kim, Ho Sang Ryu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: Acute complicated diverticulitis can be subdivided into moderate diverticulitis and severe diverticulitis. Although there have been numerous studies on the risk factors for complicated diverticulitis, little research has focused on severe diverticulitis. This study was designed to identify the risk factors for severe diverticulitis in an acute diverticulitis attack using the modified Hinchey classification. Methods: Patients were included if they had any evidence of acute diverticulitis detected by computed tomography. The patients were subdivided into severe diverticulitis (Hinchey class ≥Ib; abscesses or peritonitis) and moderate diverticulitis (Hinchey class Ia; pericolic inflammation) groups. Results: Of the 128 patients, 25 exhibited severe diverticulitis, and 103 exhibited moderate diverticulitis. In a multivariate analysis, age >50 years (odds ratio [OR], 5.27; p=0.017), smoking (OR, 3.61; p=0.044), comorbidity (OR, 4.98; p=0.045), leukocytosis (OR, 7.70; p=0.003), recurrence (OR, 4.95; p=0.032), and left-sided diverticulitis (OR, 6.92; p=0.006) were significantly associated with severe diverticulitis. Conclusions: This study suggests that the risk factors for severe diverticulitis are age >50 years, smoking, comorbidity, leukocytosis, recurrent episodes, and left-sided diverticulitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-449
Number of pages7
JournalGut and liver
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • Diverticulitis
  • Hinchey classification
  • Severity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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