Risk of high-grade dysplasia or carcinoma in gastric biopsy-proven low-grade dysplasia: An analysis using the Vienna classification

S. J. Cho, I. J. Choi, C. G. Kim, J. Y. Lee, M. C. Kook, S. Park, K. W. Ryu, J. H. Lee, Y. W. Kim

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Abstract

Background and aims: Therapeutic guidelines have not yet been established for low-grade gastric adenomas/dysplasias (LGD), which have a low risk of progression to high-grade adenomas/ dysplasias (HGD) or to invasive carcinomas. This study aimed to evaluate risk factors for HGD/carcinoma that indicate a need for resection in biopsy- proven LGD lesions. Patients and methods: In total, 236 LGD lesions from 208 consecutive patients treated with endoscopic resection (ER) were retrospectively studied between 2004 and 2008. The Vienna classification was used for histological diagnosis. A generalized estimating equation (GEE) logistic regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: Among the 236 LGD lesions, the final pathology diagnosed 9 (3.8 %) as invasive carcinoma (category 5), 71 (30.1 %) as HGD (category 4), 148 (62.7 %) as LGD (category 3), and 8 (3.4 %) as negative/indefinite for dysplasia (category 1/2). Lesions ≥ 1 cm were classified as HGD/carcinoma in 39.4% of patients (65/165). Multivariate analysis indicated that size of ≥ 1 cm (OR 1.93 [95% CI, 1.06-3.52]), depressed morphology (OR 3.81 [95% CI, 1.22-11.9]), and erythema (OR 2.49 [95% CI, 1.31-4.72]) were significantly associated with HGD/carcinoma. The OR increased to 47.6 (95% CI, 4.27-530.65) when the risk factors were all positive. The sensitivity and negative predictive value for ≥ 1 risk factors were 93.8% and 90.9 %, respectively. As the number of risk factors of a lesion increased, the specificity and positive predictive value also increased. Conclusions: Endoscopic resection can be recommended if a low-grade dysplastic lesion has at least one of the following risk factors: depressed morphology, surface erythema, or a size of 1 cm or greater. For lesions that have none of the three risk factors, follow-up endoscopy is recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-471
Number of pages7
JournalEndoscopy
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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    Cho, S. J., Choi, I. J., Kim, C. G., Lee, J. Y., Kook, M. C., Park, S., Ryu, K. W., Lee, J. H., & Kim, Y. W. (2011). Risk of high-grade dysplasia or carcinoma in gastric biopsy-proven low-grade dysplasia: An analysis using the Vienna classification. Endoscopy, 43(6), 465-471. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1256236