Robust and discriminative brain genome association study

Xiaofeng Zhu, Dinggang Shen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Brain Genome Association (BGA) study, which investigates the associations between brain structure/function (characterized by neuroimaging phenotypes) and genetic variations (characterized by Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs)), is important in pathological analysis of neurological disease. However, the current BGA studies are limited as they did not explicitly consider the disease labels, source importance, and sample importance in their formulations. We address these issues by proposing a robust and discriminative BGA formulation. Specifically, we learn two transformation matrices for mapping two heterogeneous data sources (i.e., neuroimaging data and genetic data) into a common space, so that the samples from the same subject (but different sources) are close to each other, and also the samples with different labels are separable. In addition, we add a sparsity constraint on the transformation matrices to enable feature selection on both data sources. Furthermore, both sample importance and source importance are also considered in the formulation via adaptive parameter-free sample and source weightings. We have conducted various experiments, using Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) dataset, to test how well the neuroimaging phenotypes and SNPs can represent each other in the common space.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2019 - 22nd International Conference, Proceedings
EditorsDinggang Shen, Pew-Thian Yap, Tianming Liu, Terry M. Peters, Ali Khan, Lawrence H. Staib, Caroline Essert, Sean Zhou
PublisherSpringer
Pages456-464
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9783030322502
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event22nd International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2019 - Shenzhen, China
Duration: 2019 Oct 132019 Oct 17

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume11767 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference22nd International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2019
CountryChina
CityShenzhen
Period19/10/1319/10/17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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