Here, we demonstrate the preparation of a hybrid nanoplasmonic probe array, a nanoforest, which consists of gold nanostructures coated on top of silica nanospheres and evaporated gold film structure onto bottom through masks. Optically tunable plasmonic surfaces could be achieved by varying the nanoforest fabrication conditions, which acted as a selective nanoantenna. Plasmon coupling effects were effectively controlled by adjusting the vertical distance (nanogap) between the gold nanostructures on the silica bead and the bottom. Such control is critical to highly sensitive molecular detection applications. As a proof of concept, nanoforests were used as colorimetric sensors of refractive index changes. The sensors were highly sensitive and displayed distinct colors for small refractive index (RI) changes. The flexible and sensitive near/far-field optical properties render these nanoforests excellent plasmonic substrates for quantitative, sensitive and label-free sensing with nanoscale spatial resolution.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry