Robust plasmonic sensors based on hybrid nanostructures with facile tunability

Chul Joon Heo, Hwan Chul Jeon, Su Yeon Lee, Se Gyu Jang, Soojeong Cho, Yeonho Choi, Seung Man Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Here, we demonstrate the preparation of a hybrid nanoplasmonic probe array, a nanoforest, which consists of gold nanostructures coated on top of silica nanospheres and evaporated gold film structure onto bottom through masks. Optically tunable plasmonic surfaces could be achieved by varying the nanoforest fabrication conditions, which acted as a selective nanoantenna. Plasmon coupling effects were effectively controlled by adjusting the vertical distance (nanogap) between the gold nanostructures on the silica bead and the bottom. Such control is critical to highly sensitive molecular detection applications. As a proof of concept, nanoforests were used as colorimetric sensors of refractive index changes. The sensors were highly sensitive and displayed distinct colors for small refractive index (RI) changes. The flexible and sensitive near/far-field optical properties render these nanoforests excellent plasmonic substrates for quantitative, sensitive and label-free sensing with nanoscale spatial resolution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13903-13907
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Issue number28
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jul 28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry


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