An efficient protein digestion in proteomic analysis requires the stabilization of proteases such as trypsin. In the present work, trypsin was stabilized in the form of enzyme coating on electrospun polymer nanofibers (EC-TR), which crosslinks additional trypsin molecules onto covalently attached trypsin (CA-TR). EC-TR showed better stability than CA-TR in rigorous conditions, such as at high temperatures of 40 and 50°C, in the presence of organic co-solvents, and at various pH's. For example, the half-lives of CA-TR and EC-TR were 1.42 and 231 h at 40°C, respectively. The improved stability of EC-TR can be explained by covalent linkages on the surface of trypsin molecules, which effectively inhibits the denaturation, autolysis, and leaching of trypsin. The protein digestion was performed at 40°C by using both CA-TR and EC-TR in digesting a model protein, enolase. EC-TR showed better performance and stability than CA-TR by maintaining good performance of enolase digestion under recycled uses for a period of 1 week. In the same condition, CA-TR showed poor performance from the beginning and could not be used for digestion at all after a few usages. The enzyme coating approach is anticipated to be successfully employed not only for protein digestion in proteomic analysis but also for various other fields where the poor enzyme stability presently hampers the practical applications of enzymes.
- Electrospun nanofibers
- Enzyme coating
- Protein digestion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology