Role of cytosolic phospholipase A2 as a downstream mediator of Rac in the signaling pathway to JNK stimulation

Chang Hoon Woo, Byung Chul Kim, Ki Wan Kim, Min Hyuk Yoo, Young Woo Eom, Eui Ju Choi, Doe Sun Na, Jae Hong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rac is an important regulatory molecule implicated in c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation in response to stress and cytokines. However, the signaling events that mediate the activation of JNK by Rac are not yet well characterized. To broaden our understanding of downstream mediators that link Rac sig nals to the JNK pathway, we investigated whether cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) is involved in Rac activation of JNK. In this report we demonstrate that either co-transfection with antisense cPLA2 oligonucleotide or pretreatment with arachidonyltrifluoromethyl ketone (AACOCF3), a potent and specific inhibitor of cPLA2, inhibits Rac-mediated JNK activation, implying a potential role of cPLA2 in Rac-signaling to JNK activation. In accordance with this observation, we demonstrate that the addition of exogenous arachidonic acid (AA), a principal product of Rac-activated cPLA2, or leukotrienes, products of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) of AA, caused a specific stimulation of JNK. Together, our findings suggest that cPLA2 mediates, at least partly, the signaling cascade by which Rac stimulates JNK. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-236
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Volume268
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Feb 5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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