Role of estrogen receptor-α and -β in regulating leptin expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes

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Abstract

We investigated the effects of the estrogen receptor-α (ERα) and -β (ERβ) in the regulation of leptin, resistin, and adiponectin expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Mature adipocytes were exposed to estradiol (E2), ERα agonist (PPT (4,4′,4″-(4-propyl-[1H]-pyrazole-1,3,5- triyl)trisphenol)), ERβ agonist (DPN (2,3-bis(4-Hydroxyphenyl)- propionitrile)), E2 with ERα antagonist (MPP (1,3-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4- methyl-5-[4-(2-piperidinylethoxy)phenol]-1H-pyrazole dihydrochloride)), and E2 with ERβ antagonist (R,R-THC ((R,R)-5,11-diethyl-5,6,11,12-tetrahydro-2,8- chrysenediol)) at different concentrations. To clarify the expression and regulation of adipokines by ER subtypes, total RNA was extracted from cells and measured using quantitative PCR. Western blot analysis was performed to evaluate the protein expression of adipokines, ERα, and ERβ. The leptin expression was significantly increased in the cells treated with high concentrations (10-5 and 10-6 mol/l) of the PPT (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). By contrast, the leptin expression decreased in a dose-dependent manner in the MPP-treated groups (P < 0.05). High concentrations (10-5 mol/l) of R,R-THC with E2 (10-7 mol/l) caused a significant increase of the leptin expression (P < 0.01). The leptin mRNA levels were positively correlated with the ERα mRNA levels (r = 0.584, P < 0.01) and negatively correlated with the ERβ mRNA levels (r = -0.236, P = 0.03) in the adipocytes. The ratio of the ERα to ERβ mRNA levels in the adipocytes was significantly associated with leptin mRNA levels (r = 0.454, P < 0.01). ERα induced leptin expression and ERβ inhibited its expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The ratio of the ERα-to-ERβ expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes may be an important potential regulatory factor in leptin expression

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2393-2399
Number of pages7
JournalObesity
Volume16
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Nov

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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